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A Climate Change Plan for the Purposes of the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act 2012

Preface – The Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act

This document constitutes the Climate Change Plan for 2012 that the Government is required to publish under Section 5 of the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act (KPIA). The KPIA received Royal Assent on June 22, 2007. This is the sixth iteration of the Plan required under the Act, the previous having been issued on June 2, 2011.

Legal Requirements

This Plan fulfills the following legal requirements:

Section 5 of the Act provides that:

“Within 60 days after this Act comes into force and not later than May 31 of every year thereafter until 2013, the Minister [of the Environment] shall prepare a Climate Change Plan that includes:

(a) a description of the measures to be taken to ensure that Canada meets its obligations under Article 3, paragraph 1, of the Kyoto Protocol, including measures respecting:

i) regulated emission limits and performance standards,

ii) market-based mechanisms such as emissions trading or offsets,

iii) spending or fiscal measures or incentives,

iii.1) a just transition for workers affected by greenhouse gas emission reductions, and

iv) cooperative measures or agreements with provinces, territories or other governments.

(b) for each measure referred to in paragraph (a),

i) the date on which it will come into effect, and

ii) the amount of greenhouse gas emission reductions that have resulted or are expected to result for each year up to and including 2012, compared to the levels in the most recently available emission inventory for Canada;

(c) the projected greenhouse gas emission levels in Canada for each year from 2008 to 2012, taking into account the measures referred to in paragraph (a), and a comparison of those levels with Canada’s obligations under Article 3, paragraph 1, of the Kyoto Protocol;

(d) an equitable distribution of greenhouse gas emission reduction levels among the sectors of the economy that contribute to greenhouse gas emissions”.

In addition, paragraphs (e) and (f) of section 5 (1) stipulate that the Government must publish:

“(e) a report describing the implementation of the Climate Change Plan for the previous calendar year; and

(f) a statement indicating whether each measure proposed in the Climate Change Plan for the previous calendar year has been implemented by the date projected in the Plan and, if not, an explanation of the reason why the measure was not implemented and how that failure has been or will be redressed.”

Section 9 also requires that the Minister of the Environment prepare, within 120 days after the Act comes into force, a statement setting out the greenhouse gas emission reductions that are reasonably expected to result for each year up to and including 2012 from each regulation and measure.[1]


[1] No similar requirement exists for any of the Plans following the 2007 Plan. To review the statement, please see the 2007 Climate Change Plan.  

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