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A Climate Change Plan for the Purposes of the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act 2012
- 1. Preface – The Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act
- 2. International Progress on Climate Change
- 3. Canada’s Withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol
- 4. Canada’s Domestic Climate Change Approach
- 5. Measures to address climate change
- 6. Updates to the 2011 Plan
- 7. Conclusion
- 8. Provision of Comments
- 9. Annex 1 to the 2012 report
International Progress on Climate Change
Since the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol, the international policy landscape has evolved considerably. Recognizing this progress, Canada has demonstrated unwavering support for the establishment of a fair and comprehensive new global climate change regime that will effectively address global climate change and reflect Canadian values and interests.
To truly address the risk of climate change, it is widely acknowledged that the world will need to adopt a climate change regime that includes all of the world’s major emitters. The Durban Platform, building upon the success of the Copenhagen Accord of 2009 and the Cancun Agreements of 2010, represents meaningful progress towards this objective. The Platform launches a new process to produce a single, new, comprehensive climate change agreement by 2015 that would include binding commitments for all major emitters.
Under the Copenhagen Accord, Canada committed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 17% below 2005 levels, or 607 Mt, by 2020. This target is aligned with the reduction target set by the United States under the same agreement.
Moving forward, Canada will continue to engage in United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations to support the establishment of a fair and comprehensive global climate change regime that will effectively address global climate change. In parallel, Canada is also working with international partners outside the formal United Nations negotiations. These processes bring together smaller groups of countries and address targeted issues through more manageable mechanisms to deliver more timely and concrete results. These efforts include initiatives under the G8, the G20, the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Change, as well as efforts to address short‑lived climate polluters such as black carbon, methane and hydrofluorocarbons.
Canada is also supporting international efforts by contributing $1.2 billion in new and additional climate change financing by the end of fiscal year 2012/13 to assist developing countries' efforts to reduce GHG emissions and adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change.
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