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Research Publications

Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]


  • Abdella, K. and N. McFarlane,2001, Modelling Boundary Layer Clouds with a Statistical Cloud Scheme and a Second Order Turbulence Closure., Bound. Layer. Met.,98, 387-410.
  • Allen, M.R., N. Gillett, J. Kettleborough, G.Hegerl, R. Schnur, P. Stott, G. Boer, C. Covey, T. Delworth, G.Jones, J. Mitchell, T. Barnett, 2002: Quantifying anthropogenic influence on recent near-surface temperature change. Submitted to Surveys in Geophysics.
  • Arora, V. and G.J. Boer, 1999: A variable velocity flow routing algorithm for GCMs. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 30965-30979.
  • Arora, V.K. (2001) Assessment of simulated water balance for continental-scale river basins in an AMIP II simulation, J. Geophy. Res., 106(D14), 14827-14842.
  • Arora, V.K. (2001) Streamflow simulations for continental scale river basins in a global atmospheric general circulation model, Advances in Water Resources, 24(7), 775-791.
  • Arora, V.K. (2001) The potential impact of climate change on Mackenzie River basin hydrology, CWRA BC Branch Conference, Changing Water Environments: Research and Practice, Whistler, Canada, May 2001.
  • Arora, V.K. (2002) Modelling vegetation as a dynamic component in soil-vegetation-atmosphere-transfer schemes and hydrological models, Reviews of Geophysics, 40(2), 1006, 10.1029/2001RG000103.
  • Arora, V.K. (2002) Studying climate change impact on rivers within the framework of global climate models, Technical Bureau Supplement, Water News, Newsletter of the Canadian Water Resources Association, March 2002, pp. 19-25.
  • Arora, V.K. (2002) The use of aridity index to assess climate change effect on annual runoff, J. Hydrol., 265(1-4), 164-177.
  • Arora, V.K. (2003) Decreased heterotrophic respiration reduced growth in atmospheric CO2 concentration, IGBP Global Change Newsletter, No. 54, July 2003, pp. 21-22.
  • Arora, V.K. (2003) Simulating energy and carbon fluxes over winter wheat using coupled land surface and terrestrial ecosystem models, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 118(1-2), 21-47.
  • Arora, V.K. (2005) Comment on "Optimized stomatal conductance of vegetated land surfaces and its effects on simulated productivity and climate", by A. Kleidon, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32(8), L08708, 10.1029/2004GL022110.
  • Arora, V.K., and Boer, G.J. (1999) A variable velocity flow routing algorithm for GCMs, J. Geophy. Res., 104 (D24), 30965-30979.
  • Arora, V.K., and Boer, G.J. (2000) The effects of simulated climate change on the hydrology of major river basins, CAS/JSC WGNE Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling, Report No. 30, February 2000, WMO/TD No. 987, pp. 7.1-7.2.
  • Arora, V.K., and Boer, G.J. (2001) Effects of simulated climate change on the hydrology of major river basins, J. Geophy. Res., 106 (D4), 3335-3348.
  • Arora, V.K., and Boer, G.J. (2001) Moisture processing at the land surface in CCCma AGCM3, CAS/JSC WGNE Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling, Report No. 31, April 2001, WMO/TD No. 1064, pp. 7.1-7.2.
  • Arora, V.K., and Boer, G.J. (2002) A GCM-based assessment of simulated global moisture budget and the role of land-surface moisture reservoirs in processing precipitation, Climate Dynamics, 20(1), 13-29.
  • Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer (2003) An analysis of simulated runoff and surface moisture fluxes in CCCma coupled atmosphere land surface hydrological model, proceedings of International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, MODSIM 2003, Vol. 1, pp. 166-171, July 14-17, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.
  • Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer (2003) A representation of variable root distribution in dynamic vegetation models, Earth Interactions, Vol. 7, Paper 6, 19 pp.
  • Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer (2003) The temporal variability of soil moisture and surface hydrological quantities, CAS/JSC WGNE Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling, Report No.. 33, May 2003, WMO/TD No. 1161, pp. 7.1-7.2.
  • Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer (2005) Achieving coexistence. Comment on "Modelling rainforest diversity: The role of competition" by Bampfylde et al. (2005), Ecological Modelling, in press.
  • Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer (2005) A parameterization of leaf phenology for the terrestrial ecosystem component of climate models, Global Change Biology, 11(1), 39-59.
  • Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer (2005) Fire as an interactive component of dynamic vegetation models, J. Geophys. Res. - Biogeosciences, in press.
  • Arora, V.K., Chiew, F.H.S. and Grayson, R.B. (1997) Surface hydrology in global climate models: how good is it? Proceedings of the 24th International Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium, November 1997, Auckland, New Zealand, pp. 367-372.
  • Arora, V.K., Chiew, F.H.S. and Grayson, R.B. (1999) A river flow routing scheme for general circulation models, J. Geophy. Res., 104 (D12), 14347-14357.
  • Arora, V.K., Chiew, F.H.S. and Grayson, R.B. (2000) Use of river runoff to test the CSIRO9 land surface scheme in the Amazon and the Mississippi River Basins, Intl. J. of Climatology, 20(10), 1077-1096.
  • Arora, V.K., F.H.S. Chiew, and R.B. Grayson (2001) Effect of sub-grid scale variability of soil moisture and precipitation intensity on surface runoff and streamflow, J. Geophy. Res., 106(D15), 17073-17091.
  • Arora, V.K., F. Seglenieks, N. Kouwen, and E. Soulis (2001) Scaling aspects of river flow routing, Hydrological Processes, 15(3), 461-477.

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  • Ballabrera-Poy, J., R.G. Murtugudde, J.R. Christian, and A.J. Busalacchi, 2003. Signal-to-noise ratios of observed monthly tropical ocean color. Geophysical Research Letters 30, doi: 10.1029/2003GL016995.
  • Barker, H. W., J. Li etc., 2003: Assessing 1D atmospheric solar radiative transfer models: interpretation and handing of unresolved clouds. Journal of Climate, 16, 2676-2699.
  • Bitz, C.M., J.C. Fyfe, and G.M. Flato, 2002: Sea ice response to wind forcing from AMIP models. J. Climate, 15:522-536.
  • Boer, G.J., 2000: A study of atmosphere-ocean predictability on long timescales. Clim. Dyn., 16, 469-477.
  • Boer, G.J., 2003: Predictability as a function of scale. Accepted for publication in Atmosphere-Ocean.
  • Boer, G.J., and B. Yu, 2003: Climate sensitivity and climate response. Climate Dynamics, 20, 415-429.
  • Boer, G.J., and B. Yu, 2003: Climate sensitivity and climate state. Climate Dynamics, 21, 167-176.
  • Boer, G.J., and B. Yu, 2003: Dynamical aspects of climate sensitivity. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1135.
  • Boer, G.J. and S.J. Lambert, 2001: Second order space-time climate difference statistics. Clim. Dyn., 17, 213-218.
  • Boer, G.J., B. Yu, S.-J. Kim and G.M. Flato, 2004: Is there observational support for an El Nio-like pattern of future global warming? Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L06201, doi:10.1029/2003GL018722.
  • Boer, G.J., G. Flato, and D. Ramsden, 2000: A transient climate change simulation with greenhouse gas and aerosol forcing: projected climate for the 21th century. Clim. Dyn., 16, 427-450.
  • Boer, G.J., G.M. Flato, and D. Ramsden. 2000: A transient climate change simulation with greenhouse gas and aerosol forcing: projected climate change in the 21st century. Climate Dynamics, 16:427-450.
  • Boer, G.J., G.M. Flato, M.C. Reader, and D. Ramsden. 2000: A transient climate change simulation with greenhouse gas and aerosol forcing: experimental design and comparison with the intrumental record from the 20th century. Climate Dynamics, 16:405-425.
  • Boer, G.J., S. Fourest and B. Yu, 2001: The signature of the annular modes in the moisture budget. J. of Climate, 14, 3655-3665.

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  • Chaffey, J. and J.C. Fyfe, 2001: Arctic polar vortex variability in the Canadian middle atmosphere model. Atmos.-Oceans, 39, 457-469.
  • Christian, J.R., 2005. Biogeochemical cycling in the oligotrophic ocean: Redfield and non-Redfield models. Limnology and Oceanography 50: 646-657.
  • Christian, J.R., and R. Murtugudde, 2003. Tropical Atlantic variability in a coupled physical-biogeochemical ocean model. Deep-Sea Research II 50: 2947-2969.
  • Christian, J.R., and T.R. Anderson, 2002. Modeling DOM biogeochemistry. pp. 717-755 in D.A. Hansell and C.A. Carlson, eds., Biogeochemistry of marine dissolved organic matter (Academic Press).
  • Christian, J.R., M.A. Verschell, R. Murtugudde, A.J. Busalacchi, and C.R. McClain, 2002. Biogeochemical modelling of the tropical Pacific Ocean. I. Seasonal and interannual variability. Deep-Sea Research II 49: 509-543.
  • Christian, J.R., M.A. Verschell, R. Murtugudde, A.J. Busalacchi, and C.R. McClain, 2002. Biogeochemical modelling of the tropical Pacific Ocean. II. Iron biogeochemistry. Deep-Sea Research II 49: 545-565.
  • Christian, J.R., R. Murtugudde, J. Ballabrera-Poy, J., and C.R. McClain, 2004. A ribbon of dark water: phytoplankton blooms in the meanders of the Pacific North Equatorial Countercurrent. Deep-Sea Research II 51: 209-228.
  • Chýlek, P. and J. Li, 1995: Light scattering by small particles in an intermediate region. Optics Communication, 117, 389-396.
  • Covey, C., A. Abe-Ouchi, G.J. Boer, B.A. Boville, U. Cubasch, L. Fairhead, G.M. Flato, plus 16 others. 2000: The seasonal cycle in coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation models. Climate Dynamics, 16:775-787.
  • Covey, C., A. Abe-Ouchi, G.J. Boer et al., 2000: The seasonal cycle of coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation models. Clim. Dyn., 16, 775-787.
  • Croft, B., U. Lohmann, and K. von Salzen, 2005, Black carbon ageing in the Canadian Centre for Climate modelling and analysis atmospheric general circulation model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 1931-1949.
  • Curry, C. L., and D. van der Kamp, 2005: Modelling the soil consumption of atmospheric methane, Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases (NCGG-4), July 2005, Utrecht, Netherlands, A. van Amstel, coordinator, Millpress (Rotterdam), pp. 361-368.
  • Curry, C. L., N. A. McFarlane, and J. F. Scinocca, 2006: Relaxing the well-mixed greenhouse gas assumption in climate simulations: Consequences for stratospheric climate, Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres), in press.

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  • Davey, M.K., M. Huddleston, K.R. Sperber, P. Braconnot, F. Bryan, D. Chen, R.A. Colman, C. Cooper, U. Cubasch, P. Delecluse, D. DeWitt, L. Fairhead, G. Flato and 24 others, 2002: STOIC: A study of coupled model climatology and variability in tropical ocean regions. Climate Dynamics, 18:403-420.
  • de Leeuw, G., L. Cohen, L. M. Frohn, G. Geernaert, O. Hertel, B. Jensen, T. Jickells, L. Klein, G. J. Kunz, S. Lund, M. Moerman, F. Mller, B. Pedersen, K. von Salzen, K. H. Schlnzen, M. Schulz, C. A. Skjoth, L.-L. Sorensen, L. Spokes, S. Tamm, and E. Vignati, 2001, Atmospheric input of nitrogen into the North Sea: ANICE project overview, Continental Shelf Res., 21, 2073-2094.
  • Denman, Kenneth and Hidekatsu Yamazaki. 1995. Upper ocean processes and the global carbon cycle. J. Oceanogr., 4, 1-8. (in Japanese)
  • Denman, K.L, 1997. A coupled biogeochemical mixed layer model of processes in the subarctic Pacific Ocean, pp. 32-40, In: S. Tsunogai (ed.), Biogeochemical Processes in the North Pacific, Proceedings of the International Marine Science Symposium held on 12-14 November 1996, Mutsu, Japan, Japan Marine Science Foundation, Tokyo.
  • Denman, K.L., 2000. Can we see the future?, pp. 200-206, In: P.J. Harrison and T.R. Parsons (eds.), Fisheries Oceanography: An Integrative Approach to Fisheries Ecology and Management, Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, UK.
  • Denman, K.L., 2001. Responses of pelagic marine ecosystems to climate change – can we predict them?, pp. 127-134, In: L. Bendell-Young and P. Gallaugher (eds), Waters in Peril, Kluwar Academic Publishers, Norwell, Mass., USA.
  • Denman, K.L., 2003. Modelling planktonic ecosystems: parameterizing complexity, Progress in Oceanography, 57, 429-452.
  • Denman, K.L., and A.E. Gargett, 1995. Biological/physical interactions in the upper ocean: the role of vertical and small scale transport processes, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 27, 225-255.
  • Denman, K.L., and J.F. Dower, 2001. Patch dynamics, pp. 2107-2114, In: J.H. Steele, S.A. Thorpe and K.K. Turekian (eds.), Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Academic Press, London.
  • Denman, K.L. and M.A. Peña. 1999. A coupled 1-D biological/physical model of the northeast subarctic Pacific Ocean with iron limitation. Deep-Sea Res. II, 46, 2877-2908.
  • Denman, K.L., and M.A. Peña, 2000. Beyond JGOFS, pp. 469-490, In: R. Hanson, H. Ducklow, and J. Field (eds), The Changing Ocean Carbon Cycle: A midterm synthesis of the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study, Cambridge University Press.
  • Denman, K.L., and M.A. Peña, 2002. The response of two coupled 1-D mixed layer / planktonic ecosystem models to climate change in the NE Subarctic Pacific Ocean, Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 5739-5757.
  • Denman, K.L., and M.A. Peña, Responses to climate change of coupled 1-D mixed layer / planktonic ecosystem models, In: T. Saino and M. Kusakabe (eds.), The Carbon Cycle in the North Pacific, Proceedings of the International Marine Science Symposium held on 8-10 February 2000, Nagoya, Japan, Japan Marine Science Foundation, Tokyo, in press, March 2000.
  • Denman, K.L., and M.R. Abbott, 1994. Time scales of pattern evolution from cross-spectrum analysis of Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) and Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) imagery, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 7433-7442.
  • Denman, K.L., Book Review: Diffusion and Ecological Problems: Modern Perspectives, Second Edition. Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics, Volume 14. By Akira Okubo and Simon A. Levin. New York: Springer. xx + 467 p; ISBN: 0-387-98676-6. 2001, Quarterly Review of Biology, 78, p. 123, 2003.
  • Denman, K.L., Hofmann, E.E., and H. Marchant, 1996. Marine biotic responses to environmental change and feedbacks to climate, pp. 483-516, In: Climate Change 1995, J.T. Houghton, L.G. Meira Filho, B.A. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg and K. Maskell (eds.), Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Denman, K.L., M.A. Peña, and S.P. Haigh. 1998. Simulations of marine ecosystem response to climate variation with a one dimensional coupled ecosystem/mixed layer model. pp. 141-147. In: Biotic Impacts of Extratropical Climate Variability in the Pacific, Proceedings ‘Aha Huliko’a Hawaiian Winter Workshop, University of Hawaii at Manoa, January 25-29, 1998.
  • Derome, J., G. Brunet, A. Plante, N. Gagnon, G.J. Boer et al. 2001: Seasonal predictions based on two dynamical models. Atmosphere-Ocean, 39, 485-501.
  • Derome, J., G. Brunet, A. Plante, N. Gagnon, G.J. Boer, F.W. Zwiers, S.J. Lambert, J. Sheng and H. Ritchie, 2001: Seasonal Predictions Based on Two Dynamical Models. Atmosphere-Ocean, 39, 485-501.
  • Dobbie, J. S., J. Li and P. Chýlek, 1999: Two and Four Stream Optical Properties for Water Clouds and Solar Wavelengths. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 2067-2079.
  • Dobbie, J. S., J. Li, R. Harvey and P. Chýlek, 2003: Sea-salt optical properties and GCM forcing at solar wavelengths. Atmospheric Research, 65 (special issue for aerosol), 211-233.
  • Dower, J.F., and K.L. Denman, 2001. Some effects of small-scale physical processes on plankton biology, pp. 2834-2839, In: J.H. Steele, S.A. Thorpe and K.K. Turekian (eds.), Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Academic Press, London.
  • Duan, M., Q. Min and J. Li, 2005: A fast radiative transfer model for simulating high-resolution absorption bands. J. Geophys. Res.
  • Duguay, C.R., G.M. Flato, M.O. Jeffries, P. Ménard, K. Morris, and W.R. Rouse, 2003: Ice cover variability on shallow lakes at high latitudes: model simulations and observations. Hydrological Processes, 17(17): 3465-3483.
  • Dumas, J.A., G.M. Flato and A.J. Weaver, 2003: The impact of varying atmospheric forcing on the thickness of Arctic multi-year sea ice, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(18), 1918, doi:10.1029/2003GL017433.
  • Dumas, J.A., G.M. Flato, and R.D. Brown, 2005: Future Projections of Landfast Ice Thickness and Duration in the Canadian Arctic, J. Climate, accepted.

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  • Emery, W. J., W. G. Lee, and L. Magaard. 1984. Geographic and seasonal distributions of Brunt-Vaisala frequency and Rossby Radii in the North Pacific and North Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 14, 294-317.
  • Emery, W. J.; W. Lee; W. Zenk; J. Meincke. 1986. A low-cost digital XBT system and its application to the real-time computation of dynamic height. J. Atmos. Ocean. Techn., 3(1), 75-83.
  • Erickson, D.J., J.L. Hernandez, P. Ginoux, W.W. Gregg, C. McClain, and J. Christian, 2003. Atmospheric iron delivery and surface oceanic biological activity in the Southern Ocean and Patagonian region. Geophysical Research Letters 30, doi: 10.1029/2003GL017241
  • Evans, W.F.J., E. Puckrin and J. Li and H. Lavoie, 2004: Comparison of clear-sky surface radiative fluxes simulated with radiative transfer models, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 30, 903-912.

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  • Flato, G.M., 2003: Sea Ice Modelling. Chapter 9 in Mass Balance of the Cryosphere: Observations and Modelling of Contemporary and Future Changes, eds. J. Bamber and A. Payne, Cambridge University Press, pg. 367-389.
  • Flato, G.M. and CMIP contributors, 2004: Sea-ice climate and sensitivity as simulated by global climate models, Climate Dynamics, 23: 229-241.
  • Flato, G.M. and G.J. Boer, 2001: Warming asymmetry in climate change simulations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28:195-198.
  • Flato, G.M., G.J. Boer, W.G. Lee, N.A. McFarlane, D. Ramsden, M.C. Reader, and A.J. Weaver. 2000: The Canadian Centre for Climate Modeling and Analysis Global Coupled Model and its Climate. Climate Dynamics, 16:451-467.
  • Fomichev, V., W.Ward, A. Beagley, C. McLandress, J.McConnell, N. McFarlane, and T.Shepherd, 2002, The extended Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model: Zonal-mean climatology and physical parameterizations, J. Geophys. Res. , 107, D10,
  • Freeland, H.J., K.L. Denman, C.S. Wong, F. Whitney, and R. Jacques, 1997. Evidence of change in the winter mixed layer in the northeast Pacific Ocean, Deep-Sea Res., 44, 2117-2129. 
  • Fyfe, J.C., 1999: On climate simulations of African/Atlantic waves. Journal of Climate, 12, 1747-1769.
  • Fyfe, J.C., 2003: Extratropical Southern Hemisphere cyclones: Harbingers of climate change? Journal of Climate, 16: 2802-2805.
  • Fyfe, J.C., 2003: Separating extratropical zonal wind variability and mean change. Journal Climate, 16, 863-874.
  • Fyfe, J.C. and D. Lorenz, 2005: Characterizing zonal wind variability: Lessons from a simple GCM. Journal of Climate, 18, 3400-3404.
  • Fyfe, J.C. and G.M. Flato. 1999. Enhanced climate change and its detection over the Rocky Mountains. J. Clim., 12:230-243.
  • Fyfe, J.C. and O.A. Saenko, 2005: Human-induced change in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Journal of Climate, 18: 3068-3073
  • Fyfe, J.C., G.J. Boer, and G.M. Flato. 1999: The Arctic and Antarctic Oscillations and their Projected Changes Under Global Warming. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1601-1604.

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  • Gargett, A.E., W.J. Merryfield, and G. Holloway, 2003: Direct numerical simulation of differential scalar diffusion in three-dimensional stratified turbulence. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33, 1758-1782.
  • Gillet, N.P., A.J. Weaver, F.W. Zwiers, M.D. Flannigan, 2004: Detecting the effect of human induced climate change on Canadian forest fires. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L18211, doi:10.1029/2004GL020876.
  • Gillet, N.P., F.W. Zwiers, A.J. Weaver, G.C. Hegerl, M.R. Allen, and P.A. Stott, 2002: Detecting anthropogenic influence with a multi-model ensemble. Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2002GL015836.
  • Gillett, N.P., A.J. Weaver, F.W. Zwiers, M.F. Wehner, 2004: Detection of volcanic influence on global precipitation. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L12217, doi:10.1029/2004GL020044.
  • Gillett, N.P., F.W. Zwiers, A.J. Weaver and P.A. Stott, 2003: Detection of human influence on sea-level pressure. Nature 422, 292-294.
  • Gong, S. L., L.A. Barrie, J.-P. Blanchet, K. von Salzen, U. Lohmann, G. Lesins, L. Spacek, L.M. Zhang, E. Girard, H. Lin, R. Leaitch, H. Leighton, P. Chylek, and P. Huang, 2003, Canadian Aerosol Module: A Size Segregated Simulation of Atmospheric Aerosol Processes for Climate and Air Quality Models: 1. Module Development, J. Geophys. Res., 108, NO. D1, 4007, doi:10.1029/2001JD002002.
  • Goodison, B.E., R.D. Brown, M.M. Brugman, C.R. Duguay, G.M. Flato, E.F. LeDrew, and A.E. Walker, 1999: CRYSYS - Use of the cryospheric system to monitor global change in Canada: Overview and progress. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 25, 3-11.
  • Goyette, S., N.A. McFarlane, and G.M. Flato. 2000: Application of the Canadian Regional Climate Model to the Laurentian Great Lakes region: Implementation of a lake model. Atmosphere-Ocean, 38:481-503.
  • Grant R.F., Arain A., Arora V., Barr A., Black T.A., Chen J., Wang, S., Yuan F., and Zhang Y. (2005) Intercomparison of techniques to model high temperature effects on CO2 and energy exchange in temperate and boreal coniferous forests, Ecological Modelling, 188(2-4), 217-252.
  • Gregory, J.M., J. Church, G.J. Boer, K. Dixon, G.Flato, D.Jackett, J. Lowe, S. O'Farrel and R. Stouffer, 2001: Comparison of results from several AOGCMs for global and regional sea-level change 1900-2100. Clim. Dyn. 18, 225-240.
  • Gregory, J. M., O. A. Saenko and A. J. Weaver, 2003: The role of the Atlantic freshwater balance in the hysteresis of the meridional overturning circulation. Climate Dynamics, 21, 707-717.

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  • Haigh, S.A., K.L. Denman, and W.W. Hsieh, 2001. Simulation of the planktonic ecosystem response to pre- and post-1976 forcing in an isopycnic model of the North Pacific, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 58, 703-722.
  • Hanesiak, J.M., D.G. Barber, and G.M. Flato. 1999. The role of diurnal processes in the seasonal evolution of sea ice and its snow cover. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 13593-13604.
  • Hegerl, G.C., F.W. Zwiers, P.A. Stott and V.V. Kharin, 2004: Detectability of anthropogenic changes in temperature and precipitation extremes. Journal of Climate, 17, 3683-3700.
  • Hegerl, G.C., T.R. Karl, M. Allen, N.L. Bindoff, N. Gillett, D. Karoly, X. Zhang, F.W. Zwiers, 2005: Climate change detection and attribution: beyond mean temperature signals. Submitted to Journal of Climate.
  • Holzer, M. and G.J. Boer, 2001: Simulated changes in atmospheric transport climate. J. of Climate, 14, 4398-4420.
  • Hood, R.R., and J.R. Christian, 2005. Ocean N-Cycle Modeling. Submitted to 2nd Edition of 'Nitrogen in the Marine Environment' (Capone, Bronk, Mulholland, and Carpenter, eds., Kluwer).
  • Hsieh, W. W. and W. G. Lee. 1989. A Numerical Model for the Variability of the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 108, 247-254.
  • Hsieh, W.W. and W.G. Lee. 1990. A Numerical Hindcast of the Interannual Variability in the Northeast Pacific Ocean, 1955-1979. Tech. report no. 90-6. Institute of Applied Mathematics, University of British Columbia.
  • Hsieh, W.W., W.G. Lee, and L.A. Mysak. 1991. Using a numerical model of the Northeast Pacific Ocean to study the interannual variability of the Fraser River Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48: 623-630.
  • Hsu, C.J., and F.W. Zwiers, 2001: Climate change in recurrent regimes and modes of atmospheric variability. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106(D17), 20145-20159.

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  • IDAG (International ad hoc Detection and Attribution Group), 2005: Detecting and attributing external influences on the climate system: A review of recent advances. Journal of Climate, 18, 1291-1314.

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  • Johannessen, S.C., M.C. O'Brien, K. L. Denman, and R.W. Macdonald, Seasonal and spatial variations in the source and transport of sinking particles in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, Canada, Marine Geology, accepted, December 2004.

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  • Karoly, D.J., J.F.B. Mitchell, M. Allen, G. Hegerl, J. Marengo and F. Zwiers, 2003: Comment on Soon et al. (2001) 'Modeling climatic effects of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions: unknowns and uncertainties'. Climate Research, 24, 91-92.
  • Kharin, V.V., and F.W. Zwiers, 2000: Changes in the extremes in an ensemble of transient climate simulation with a coupled atmosphere-ocean GCM, Journal of Climate, 13, 3760-3788.
  • Kharin, V.V., and F.W. Zwiers, 2001: Skill as a function of time scale in two ensembles of seasonal forecasts. Climate Dynamics, 17, 127-141.
  • Kharin, V.V. and F.W. Zwiers, 2002: Climate predictions with multi-model ensembles. Journal of Climate, 15, 793-799.
  • Kharin, V.V., and F.W. Zwiers, 2003: Improved seasonal probability forecasts. Journal of Climate, 16, 1684-1701.
  • Kharin, V.V., and F.W. Zwiers, 2003: On the ROC score of probability forecasts. Journal of Climate, 16, 4145-4150.
  • Kharin, V.V., and F.W. Zwiers, 2005: Estimating extremes in transient climate change simulations. Journal of Climate, 18, 1156-1173.
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