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Planning for a Sustainable Future:
A Federal Sustainable Development Strategy for Canada

Sustainable Development Office
Environment Canada

October 2010

Annex 3: Theme III
Protecting nature

5. Goal: Wildlife conservation
Maintain or restore populations of wildlife to healthy levels.

5.1 Target: Terrestrial and aquatic wildlife conservation
Population trend (when available) at the time of reassessment is consistent with the recovery strategy for 100% of listed species at risk (for which recovery has been deemed feasible) by 2020.
(Minister of the Environment)

Implementation strategies for wildlife conservation – Species at risk (5.1.1 to 5.1.7)

Enabling capacity
  • 5.1.1 Fulfill Canada’s obligations under the Species at Risk Act by listing and protecting those species in critical need of conservation action. (EC)
  • 5.1.2 Fulfill Canada’s obligations under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) by helping to ensure that the status of no species is threatened by international trade. (EC)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 5.1.3 Maintain the Species at Risk Public Registry which fulfills the requirement under the Species at Risk Act (SARA). (EC)
  • 5.1.4 Continue to support the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) assessments and re-assessments to understand and communicate progress in species survival and recovery. (EC)
  • 5.1.5 Continue to lead and cooperate under the National Recovery Program (RENEW) with provinces and territories consistent with the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk. (EC)
Demanding performance
  • 5.1.6 Enhance the implementation of SARA within DFO and EC to protect and recover species at risk relative to their respective mandates. (DFO, EC)
    5.1.7 Lead the development of national recovery strategies for species at risk that are found primarily on Parks Canada administered lands and waters. (PC)

5.2 Target: Terrestrial and aquatic wildlife conservation
Target for proportion of migratory bird species whose population varies within acceptable bounds of the population goals will be established in 2011 once the Bird Status Database is complete.
(Minister of the Environment)

Implementation strategies for wildlife conservation – Migratory birds (5.2.1 to 5.2.8)

Enabling capacity
  • 5.2.1 Fulfill Canada’s obligations under the Migratory Bird Convention of 1916 between Canada and the United States as implemented in Canada under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 by ensuring that Migratory Bird populations are managed and conserved. (EC)
  • 5.2.2 Fulfill Canada’s obligations under the Species at Risk Act by listing and protecting those species in critical need of conservation action. (EC, DFO)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 5.2.3 Ensure that all Conservation Plans for the 22 Bird Conservation Regions (BCR) are publicly available. (EC)
Demanding performance
  • 5.2.4 Complete hiring of management cadre within Enforcement Operations by Fall 2010. Recruit and train new officers for the Compliance and Enforcement Program by mid 2010–2011. (EC)
  • 5.2.5 Develop and implement a regulation for the management of the incidental takes of migratory birds in accordance with the purpose of the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994. (EC)
  • 5.2.6 Implement recommendations of the review of migratory bird monitoring programs. (EC)
  • 5.2.7 Recruit and train new officers for the Compliance and Enforcement Program. (EC)
  • 5.2.8 Carry out actions for priority migratory bird species as indicated by Bird Conservation Regions Plans. (EC)

6. Goal: Ecosystem/habitat conservation and protection
Maintain productive and resilient ecosystems with the capacity to recover and adapt; and protect areas in ways that leave them unimpaired for present and future generations.

6.1 Target: Terrestrial ecosystems and habitat
Non-park protected habitat
Habitat target to support conservation of priority migratory birds and species at risk will be set by 2015.
(Minister of the Environment)

Implementation strategies for non-park protected habitat (6.1.1 to 6.1.11)

Enabling capacity
  • 6.1.1 Implement integrated activities and programs with other levels of government and external stakeholders that lead to the improvement of the state (environmental quality) of priority ecosystems across the country. (EC)
  • 6.1.2 Ensure the protection and conservation of important habitats for wildlife by facilitating an integrated landscape management approach. (EC)
  • 6.1.3 Manage National Wildlife Areas (NWAs), Migratory Bird Sanctuaries (MBSs) and Marine Wildlife Areas to protect wildlife habitat, and unique and productive ecosystems either directly and/or through partnership arrangements. (EC)
  • 6.1.4 Implement the Northwest Territories (NWT) Protected Areas Strategy and the Inuit Impact and Benefits Agreement to implement up to six new NWAs in the NWT and three in Nunavut. (EC)
  • 6.1.5 Maintain the incentives for the protection of Canada’s ecologically-sensitive land, including habitat used by species at risk, through ongoing tax assistance for donations of ecologically-sensitive land under the Ecological Gifts Program. (FIN)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 6.1.6 Determine resilience of National Protected Areas network in the face of climate change and other anthropogenic stressors. (EC)
  • 6.1.7 Develop and apply models for economic valuation of ecosystem services to support sustainable development decision-making. (EC)
  • 6.1.8 Establish frameworks for identifying indicators and developing appropriate monitoring activities for EC habitat programs. (EC)
  • 6.1.9 Maintain the Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System. (EC)
Demanding performance
  • 6.1.10 Complete the development of the protected areas strategy including the development of permitting standards and updating management plans. (EC)
  • 6.1.11 Enhance enforcement in Environment Canada Protected Areas (MBSs and NWAs). (EC)

6.2 Target: Terrestrial ecosystem and habitat
Park protected habitat
Maintain or improve the overall ecological integrity in all national parks from March 2008 to March 2013.
(Minister of the Environment)

Implementation strategies for park protected habitat (6.1.1 to 6.1.13)

Refer to the appropriate implementation strategies outlined under "Target 6.1: Terrestrial ecosystem and habitat - Non-park protected habitat," and:

Demanding performance
  • 6.1.12 Through active management and restoration initiatives address conservation challenges and demonstrate improvements in key indicators of ecological integrity in 20 of Canada’s national parks. (PC)
  • 6.1.13 Establish one new national park by March 2013; complete feasibility assessments for five other potential national parks and one proposed expansion. (PC, NRCan contributor)

6.3 Target: Marine ecosystems
Improve the conservation of ocean areas and marine ecosystems by 2012.
(Minister of Fisheries and Oceans)

Implementation strategies for marine ecosystems (6.3.1 to 6.3.9)

Enabling capacity
  • 6.3.1 Develop a federal-provincial-territorial network of Marine Protected Areas. (DFO, NRCan)
  • 6.3.2 Adopt eco-system-based approaches for ocean activities. (DFO)
  • 6.3.3 Identify indicators and develop draft monitoring plans for existing Marine Protected Areas. (DFO)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 6.3.4 Undertake research to improve understanding of marine ecosystems and support initiatives to identify and characterize vulnerable marine ecosystems. (DFO, EC)
  • 6.3.5 Provide advice to decision-makers on potential impacts on migratory birds and species at risk and ecological risks associated with specific high-priority ocean activities. (DFO, EC, NRCan)
    6.3.6 Develop State of Oceans reports. (DFO)
Demanding performance
  • 6.3.7 Make demonstrable progress in protecting ecologically significant marine areas by identifying six new Marine Protected Areas under the Oceans Act by 2012. (DFO)
  • 6.3.8 Complete feasibility assessments for two potential national marine conservation areas. (PC, NRCan contributor)
  • 6.3.9 Develop a national zoning framework for the national marine conservation area program. (PC)

6.4 Target: Managing threats to ecosystems
Threats of new alien invasive species entering Canada are understood and reduced by 2015.
(Minister of the Environment)

Implementation strategies for managing threats to ecosystems – Alien invasive species (6.4.1 to 6.4.10)

Leading by example
  • 6.4.1 Fulfill federal responsibilities related to prevention, detection, rapid response and management of invasive alien species. Key activities are related to governance (including international cooperation legislation/regulation, science and technology, risk analysis, information management and sharing, performance promotion, management, and mitigation). (EC, NRCan)
Enabling capacity
  • 6.4.2 Implement the Invasive Alien Species Partnership Program, which provides funding to provinces, municipalities, educational institutions and non-government organizations, as well as to other groups who are working in support of the goals of the National Strategy – An Invasive Alien Species Strategy for Canada (2004). (EC)
  • 6.4.3 Implement Canada's Action Plan to Address the Threat of Aquatic Invasive Species. (DFO)
  • 6.4.4 Coordinate both national and regional environmental emergency preparedness capabilities. (EC)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 6.4.5 Develop spill models, analysis methods, fate and behaviour algorithms, measurement and remote sensing capabilities, decontamination protocols, and countermeasures used during incidents. (EC)
  • 6.4.6 Provide scientific and technical advice on weather and sea state and the behaviour and effects of chemicals, sampling and analysis, countermeasures, sensitivity mapping, trajectory, modeling, and operation of the 24/7 National Environmental Emergencies Centre in Ottawa. (EC)
  • 6.4.7 Use preserved and living biological collections to support identification, characterization, risks assessment, and management strategies for alien invasive species. (AAFC)
Demanding performance
  • 6.4.8 Implement Ballast Water Control and Management Regulations to prevent invasive species from ships’ ballast water. This includes cooperating with the United States Coast Guard and Seaway Authorities to inspect vessels entering the Seaway and Great Lakes to ensure compliance. (TC)
  • 6.4.9 Promote compliance, track and report number of environmental emergency plans in place as required by s.200 Environmental Emergency Planning Regulation under CEPA 1999. (EC)
  • 6.4.10 Prevent the introduction and rapid dispersal of invasive species and disease into Canada via land, air and marine ports of entry, thus reducing potential deleterious effects to ecosystems, economies, and society. (CBSA)

6.5 Target: Managing threats to ecosystems
Reduce the frequency and consequences of environmental emergencies that affect Canada.
(Minister of the Environment)

Implementation strategies for environmental emergences (6.4.1 to 6.4.10)

Refer to the appropriate implementation strategies outlined under "Target 6.4: Managing threats to ecosystems – Alien invasive species."

7. Goal: Biological resources
Sustainable production and consumption of biological resources are within ecosystem limits.

7.1 Target: Sustainable fisheries
Improve the management and conservation of major stocks.
(Minister of Fisheries and Oceans)

Implementation strategies for sustainable fisheries (7.1.1 to 7.1.4)

Enabling capacity
  • 7.1.1 Deliver an integrated fisheries program that is credible, science-based, affordable, effective and contributes to sustainable wealth for Canadians. (DFO)
  • 7.1.2 Sustainable development and integrated management of resources in or around Canada’s aquatic environment through oceans and fish habitat management. (DFO)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 7.1.3 Undertake research to improve understanding of marine ecosystems and knowledge of straddling stocks and highly migratory species such as tuna, swordfish and Greenland halibut. (DFO)
  • 7.1.4 Increase knowledge of fisheries resources, their productivity and the ecosystem factors affecting them. (DFO)

7.2 Target: Sustainable aquaculture
To promote the conservation and optimum use of marine resources and the aquatic environment through improved aquaculture management by 2014.
(Minister of Fisheries and Oceans)

Implementation strategies for sustainable aquaculture (7.2.1 to 7.2.4)

Enabling capacity
  • 7.2.1 Deliver an efficient federal-provincial regulatory management regime developed consistent with regulatory best practices. (DFO)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 7.2.2 Facilitate implementation of certification initiatives and support standards development. (DFO)
  • 7.2.3 Develop and release the first report to Canadians on aquaculture sustainability. (DFO)
Demanding performance
  • 7.2.4 Increase the science knowledge base needed to support informed ecosystem-based environmental regulation and decision-making, especially that of regulatory-based programs such as Aquaculture Management. (DFO)

7.3 Target: Sustainable forest management
Improve the management of Canada’s forest ecosystems through the development and dissemination of knowledge.
(Minister of Natural Resources)

Implementation strategies for sustainable forest management (7.3.1 to 7.3.2)

Enabling capacity
  • 7.3.1 First Nations Forestry Program - support initiatives to enhance first nations' capacity to sustainably manage reserve forests and other forests. (INAC, NRCan)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 7.3.2 Generate and disseminate scientific knowledge related to forest ecosystems. (NRCan)

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