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Backgrounder

Lake Simcoe Clean-Up Fund Round 6 – 19 Projects

Project TitlesRecipient(s)Total LSCUF $Total Project $Project Description
Lake Simcoe Community Stewardship Program – EnhancedDufferin South Simcoe Land Stewardship Network

Year 1: $599,600

Year 2:

$500,000

$1,150,400This project will address an increased number of landowner-identified shoreline restoration and erosion control projects, expand septic replacement and retrofit initiatives in under-serviced areas, and undertake non-point source best management projects on hobby and horse farm properties that are currently not eligible for funding under the Environmental Farm Plan program.
Lake Simcoe Farm Stewardship ProgramOntario Soil and Crop Improvement Association

Year 1:

$450,000

Year 2:

$490,000

$2,671,000The purpose of this project is to increase the rate of on-the-ground Best Management Practices adopted by farmers in the Lake Simcoe watershed to help reduce phosphorus loadings to the lake and increase the overall protection and enhancement of the lake.
Development of Best Management Practices to reduce nutrient loss from commercial sod production in Lake Simcoe regionUniversity of Guelph

Year 1: $124,250

Year 2:

$124,250

$473,500This study will determine if there is a net loss of both organic and mineral soils from sod production throughout Ontario, potential nutrient loss due to surface or wind erosion as well as harvesting methods and which management practices, if any, are linked to differences in soil loss. The goal of the project is to develop Best Management Practices for sustainable sod production and attempt to correlate soil loss with nutrient loading into Lake Simcoe, in an effort to reduce phosphorus contamination in the region.
Environmental Risk Assessment and Adaptive Management Implementation in Lake Simcoe: A Bayesian ApproachUniversity of Toronto

Year 1: $101,250

Year 2:

$85,000

$269,323This project will incorporate existing information about the hydrodynamics, chemistry, and biology of Lake Simcoe, and will then use models that focus on the connections among phosphorus loading, sediment-water interactions and the plankton in Lake Simcoe in order to develop management strategies.
Liquid manure storage and gravity flow transfer systemPrivate landowner$99,950$178,000This project involves the construction and maintenance of a concrete tank for the containment and storage of all manure, parlour and milk house waste from a 55-cow dairy milking herd. This project will significantly reduce the levels of phosphorus and other nutrients associated with dairy cattle manure, parlour and milk house waste from entering the Lake Simcoe watershed.
Impact of reduced tillage systems on phosphorus losses to surface watersUniversity of Guelph, Ridgetown Campus

Year 1: $87,260

Year 2:

$75,210

$335,387This study will evaluate the differences in the vertical distribution of soil phosphorus under different tillage systems, how this distribution affects potential phosphorus losses in runoff and the benefits of a modified no-till system to reduce losses of phosphorus from farm fields. This work will demonstrate the agricultural and environmental benefits of modified no-till systems.
Development of soil phosphorus testing methods for agronomic calibration and environmental risk assessment for muck soilsUniversity of Guelph

Year 1: $86,250

Year 2:

$88,550

$357,600This study will develop two soil phosphorus testing methods for muck soils. One to predict soil phosphorus availability to crops, so that phosphorus loss can be minimized by maximizing soil and fertilizer phosphorus use efficiency, and the other for environmental risk assessment to predict soil phosphorus losses.
Addressing an information gap; monitoring the subsurface mobility of septic system phosphorus in the Lake Simcoe watershedUniversity of Waterloo

Year 1: $71,967

Year 2:

$71,967

$578,934Detailed assessments will be conducted at a minimum of two septic sites per year over a two-year period. Monitoring will include collection of samples in the tile bed areas to measure the amount of phosphorus accumulation in the sediments and the installation of groundwater monitoring networks to establish the presence or absence of phosphorus plumes in the shallow groundwater zones around the tile beds. This project will estimate the fraction of total phosphorus capable of discharging to Lake Simcoe from tile beds.
Quantification of the internal phosphorus load in Lake Simcoe to improve phosphorus budgetsYork University

Year 1: $69,300

Year 2:

$126,500

$363,050This project will evaluate phosphorus in the Lake’s bottom sediment and its release to the water by using historical data and direct measurement of release from sediments in the laboratory. The study will assist in predicting phosphorus release rates under low oxygen conditions.
Stormwater Management Master Plan (A Strategy to Address Urban Runoff using Site Controls and Innovative Stormwater Management Best Practices)Town of East Gwillimbury$66,000$100,000The first phase of this project involves digitizing information within urban areas and reviewing all existing and newly proposed site level urban Best Management Practices. Digital mapping layers and a report highlighting the site controls and innovative Best Management Practices will be developed. The second phase will involve using the information in Phase I to identify costs and benefits based on potential reductions in phosphorus loading per year. A report will be developed and will include Best Management Practices opportunities, cost estimates and phosphorus reduction estimates.
Examining the role of non-summer and nearshore processes in phosphorus dynamics and oxygen depletion in Lake SimcoeUniversity of Waterloo

Year 1: $62,621

Year 2:

$72,882

$269,323This study will determine the seasonal pattern of algal production, its relationship to oxygen and phosphorus cycling, and how rooted plants and attached mussels may affect phosphorus cycling and algal production. This work will complement two other ongoing studies of nutrients, oxygen, and biological processes in the lake and will allow agencies to better assess the effectiveness of phosphorus controls and develop strategies for site-specific protection and improvements.
The feasibility of reducing water column phosphorus in Lake Simcoe by protecting sediment and benthic communities, in near shore areas, stormwater ponds and tributaries, against road salt impactsTrent University

Year 1: $58,533

Year 2:

$101,417

$328,200Winter de-icing using salt and sand contributes significantly to watershed phosphorus loads. This project will determine the capacity of Lake Simcoe watershed sediments to take up and retain phosphorus from the water column under different levels of road salt stress. The project will also measure how sand and road salt are contributing to watershed phosphorus loads and identify methods to better manage these inputs and ultimately reduce their impacts on Lake Simcoe.
Evaluation of Lake Simcoe Watershed Rainfall Characteristics and Phosphorus Loading – Phase 2Lake Simcoe Region Conservation Authority$52,000$82,000This project will update rainfall analyses and compare results to phosphorus loading characteristics in order to develop strategies that will provide optimal phosphorus loading reduction for the amount of money invested. It will also support other ongoing studies, such as atmospheric phosphorus loading and related precipitation patterns.
Sharing Opportunities for Lake Simcoe’s Stewardship (SOLSS)Centre for Community Mapping

Year 1:

$50,000

Year 2:

$34,000

$172,000This project will integrate three existing stewardship project reporting websites, which will allow for improved tracking of stewardship projects and progress and enhancements to online data entry, reporting and security. This will enhance opportunities for communicating between the many stewardship organizations operating in the watershed, which will profile measurable successes and facilitate further collaboration between government partners, project sponsors and the general public.
Prairie Buffer Strip Establishment in the South Lake Simcoe WatershedTallgrass Ontario Organization$50,000$194,876This project encourages the use of native tallgrass prairie buffer strips along natural creeks and rivers and drainage ditches in order to reduce the amount of non-point source run-off that enters the Lake Simcoe Watershed. A staff member will work with landowners, coordinate the signing of agreements, secure seed and physically plant the tallgrass prairie buffer strips.
ReWilding Keswick Creeks (formerly known as putting the participation in phosphorus reduction)Ladies of the Lake Conservation Association

Year 1: $39,250

Year 2:

$142,800

$303,050This project will engage the community in determining key ‘hot spots’ that need to be restored and in creating and implementing innovative projects to reduce phosphorus and rehabilitate priority habitats. Activities include reforesting areas of hydrological significance, improving landscaping practices to reduce the use of fertilizers and other contaminants, naturalizing shoreline and riparian areas and creating and improving wetland habitat. The project will also document the process and outcomes in the form of Best Management Practices for Urban and Suburban communities.
Zero-Discharge Onsite Wastewater Treatment Demonstration SiteCentre for Sustainable Watersheds$36,250$92,826This project will install and monitor a demonstration zero-discharge onsite wastewater treatment system to show how it prevents the discharge of pollutants to surrounding ground and surface waters. The benefits of this system will be presented with appropriate signage at the site, along with handouts, brochures, web content, and a well-planned education and outreach program.
Covered Manure Storage Facility ProjectPrivate landowner$33,804$108,802This project involves the construction of a new roofed manure storage facility as recommended by the Landowner’s approved Nutrient Management Strategy.
Stormwater Management Retrofit using New Technology Colony Trail, Town of East Gwillimbury  Town of East Gwillimbury$30,000$50,000This project will retrofit urban run-off by installing a sediment forebay with a main cell and by using a micro-wetland. The micro-wetland will use native species downstream of the forebay to further filter out contaminants and increase overall phosphorus uptake. A planting buffer will also be installed to promote bank stability and improve water temperature through shading.
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