2015–16 Departmental Performance Report
Supporting Information on Lower-Level Programs


Sub-Program 1.1.1: Biodiversity Policy and Priorities

Sub-Program Description

This program enables Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) to play a national leading role in engaging stakeholders, provincial and territorial governments, and other federal government departments in Canada’s implementation of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. The program provides scientific expertise, guidance and advice to decision-makers, and develops and applies models for social, cultural and economic valuation of ecosystem services to support sustainable development decision-making. This work enables information about the ecosystem and the environmental effects of development proposals to be factored into decisions across different levels of government, environmental and non-governmental organizations, the industrial sector, the research community and the general public. Strategies used in Canada include the Canadian Biodiversity Strategy, the Biodiversity Outcomes Framework, and Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources. The program also coordinates the federal government’s response to the 2004 Invasive Alien Species Strategy for Canada, implemented by federal science-based and regulatory departments and agencies, including the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Natural Resources Canada, and Fisheries and Oceans Canada. In addition, Canada participates internationally in the Convention on Biological Diversity; the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources; the Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress under the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety; and Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna under the Arctic Council. As well, the program serves as the Canadian lead and national focal point for the UN-sponsored Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Funding provided by the program includes Canada’s annual contribution to the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity and support for international working groups.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
2,484,4472,846,192361,745
Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalents [FTEs])
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
14151
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Biodiversity goals and targets are integrated into federal, provincial and territorial strategies and plans that have an impact on biodiversityPercentage of federal departments with natural resource or environmental mandates, provinces and territories that have identified and are implementing measures to enhance biodiversity100% by December 2017

100% as of March 2015

ECCC invited all federal departments with natural resource or environmental mandates, and all provinces and territories, to identify the plans, strategies and major actions underway related to biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. This information was collected in late 2013 and early 2014 as part of the process to develop Canada’s Fifth National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

The National Report includes recent examples from every jurisdiction of measures being implemented in support of the (then draft) 2020 biodiversity targets for Canada. The target is therefore considered to have been met.

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Sub-Program 1.1.2: Species at Risk

Sub-Program Description

This program’s purpose is to implement the Species at Risk Act (SARA). SARA is the key federal government commitment to prevent wildlife species from being extirpated or becoming extinct, to provide for the recovery of wildlife species that are extirpated, endangered or threatened, and to manage species of special concern to prevent them from becoming endangered or threatened. The program provides for publication of recovery documents, identification of critical habitat, legal protection of wildlife species, and progress reports. Species recovery is achieved in part through funding mechanisms such as the Habitat Stewardship Program, the Aboriginal Fund for Species at Risk, the Interdepartmental Recovery Fund and the Species at Risk Protection on Agricultural Lands initiative, through which Aboriginal peoples and other Canadians are engaged in a variety of conservation and recovery activities for species at risk and protection as well as recovery of critical habitat. The program relies on partnerships with provincial, territorial and other governments, as well as Aboriginal peoples and other organizations (e.g. environmental organizations, industry associations, etc.). A number of advisory bodies and committees have been established to enable key partners to engage in this program. Authority for the program is based on SARA and Canada’s obligations under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, and the Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
44,191,25857,683,18113,491,923
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
17526388
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Status of listed species shows improvement upon reassessmentProportion of federally listed species at risk for which recovery is feasible that exhibit, at the time of reassessment by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), population and distribution trends consistent with achieving the objectives of recovery strategiesFootnote 135% by March 2016

33% as of May 2015

Of the 148 species at risk for which ECCC has federal responsibility and that have final recovery strategies or management plans, 40 have population-oriented goals and have had a reassessment since final documents were released, allowing for the evaluation of whether trends in population numbers and distribution are consistent with recovery goals.

Of these 40 species, 13 (33%) have current population trends that are consistent with the goals in the recovery strategies, and 14 (35%) show trends that are inconsistent with goals. Another 6 (15%) have both some indication of improvement and some indication of decline. For the remaining 7 species (18%), there are insufficient data to determine trends.

Previous indicator values were 33% in 2013 and 36% in 2014. The decline from last year is likely due to the inclusion of 7 additional species this year for which there has not been sufficient time for biological recovery to occur.

Critical habitat is protected

Percentage of Threatened and Endangered species at risk for which Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible:
(i) whose critical habitat occurs wholly or in part within federal protected areas with that critical habitat described in the Canada Gazette;

(ii) whose critical habitat occurs wholly or in part on other federal lands with that habitat legally protected;

(iii) whose critical habitat occurs wholly or in part on non-federal lands with an assessment that the habitat is protected.

(i) federal protected areas 100% by March 2016

(ii) federal lands 100% by March 2018

(iii) non-federal lands 100% by March 2018

(i) 96% as of March 2016

(ii) 6% as of March 2016

(iii) 0% as of March 2016

This indicator tracks the implementation of protection obligations regarding critical habitat for species at risk for which ECCC has primary responsibility. The three parts of the indicator correspond to different legal mechanisms for protection, depending on the ownership of the land where critical habitat was identified.

ECCC had met all but one protection obligation with regards to critical habitat on federally-protected areas for which the Minister is responsible under Species at Risk Act, by March 31, 2016.

ECCC is working to ensure the protection of critical habitat on other federal and non-federal lands (ii and iii).

Recovery strategies or management plans that are publicly available are in place for all listed species for which Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsiblePercentage of listed wildlife species for which Environment and Climate Change Canada is responsible with a recovery strategy or management plan that is posted as proposed or final on the Species at Risk public registry within legislative timeframes100%

78% as of March 2016

Results from 2015–16 demonstrate continued progress from 2014–15 (61%) and 2013–14 (44%). Work is ongoing in Year Three (2016–17) of the Three-year Posting Plan.

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Sub-Program 1.1.3: Migratory Birds

Sub-Program Description

This program supports actions to protect and conserve populations of migratory bird species. It is responsible for implementing the Migratory Birds Convention signed with the United States in 1916, via the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994. Activities include conserving populations, individual birds, their nests and their habitats through continued monitoring, conservation actions, stewardship, policy development, and enforcement of the Act and its regulations. Other actions include research to understand causes of bird population changes, management of over-abundant migratory bird populations, advice on nuisance birds, protection of important bird habitats, mitigation of other stressors that affect population status, and management of emergencies regarding health and safety issues associated with migratory birds. Monitoring programs are implemented in compliance with recommendations of the Avian Monitoring Review. It is responsible, as a signatory to the North American Bird Conservation Initiative, for supporting the completion of the 25 Bird Conservation Region Strategies and implementing their recommended actions for priority migratory bird species. The Migratory Birds program is delivered in partnership with other governments in Canada and internationally, inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations, and industry, with coordination through the North American Bird Conservation Initiative – Canada. Client groups include the Canadian public, game-bird hunters, Aboriginal peoples (subsistence harvesting), natural resource economic sectors and natural resource users, and other governments (provincial/territorial and foreign).

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
20,564,43228,388,1027,823,670
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
1751816
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Migratory bird populations maintained at population goalsProportion of migratory bird species within acceptable bounds of their population goalsTo be determined once bird population goals are agreed upon and an initial assessment is complete

57% as of 2014

This indicator is a measure of ECCC's success in meeting its responsibility for the conservation of migratory birds. Population goals and their acceptable bounds are based on either population size or trend, depending on the data available for each species. Populations were assessed against those goals using the best available data for each species. The first goals and assessments were completed in 2014 and the assessment was published in January 2015. Additional details on the current status of individual species and the data sources used to assess the status of those species are provided on the Status of Birds in Canada website. The value for the indicator is expected in 2017.

Data are available to manage and assess bird populationsProportion of migratory bird species whose population status can be assessed with high reliability50% by 2020

33% as of 2014

This indicator is presented here for the first time. It is based on the percentage of species for which data are sufficient to reliably categorize the status of species into one of five trend categories (from large increase to large decrease).

Trend estimates for many species of birds were assessed as moderate or low reliability because much of their range occurs outside of the area well covered by current survey methods (e.g., species whose range is primarily in the boreal forest or arctic). Overall, 33% had high reliability, 38% medium, 18% low, and 11% had inadequate data to estimate any trend. This indicator is calculated approximately every 2-3 years.

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Sub-Program 1.1.4: Habitat Conservation Partnerships

Sub-Program Description

This program supports the delivery of Environment and Climate Change Canada’s obligations under the Species at Risk Act, Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, and Canada Wildlife Act. It does this by funding projects and encouraging activities that secure, protect, improve and/or restore important and ecologically sensitive habitat to enhance the survival of wildlife—in particular, species at risk and migratory birds. The program provides mechanisms (e.g. tax incentives, funding initiatives) to engage a variety of organizations and individuals, including private land owners, environmental non-governmental organizations (e.g. land trusts) and other levels of government. Activities under the program include delivery of the Ecological Gifts Program, a tax incentive program for private land owners who donate ecologically sensitive land to qualified recipients, the National Wetland Conservation Fund, and supporting the implementation of the North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP), a Canada–United States–Mexico partnership of federal/provincial/state governments and non-governmental organizations that aims to conserve wetlands in North America. Work under the NAWMP is achieved through participation on the North American Wetlands Conservation Council and Habitat Joint Ventures, and implementation of the North American Wetlands Conservation Act. In addition, the program makes an assessed contribution to the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention), and to two programs wholly administered by partners—Wildlife Habitat Canada’s Conservation Stamp Initiative and the Nature Conservancy of Canada’s Natural Areas Conservation Program. Program delivery includes contributions in support of Biodiversity – Wildlife and Habitat, and those to the Ramsar Convention.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
39,845,39440,606,743761,349
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
2221-1
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Habitats that are needed to achieve waterfowl population goals are securedTotal land area secured by Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners to achieve population goals for all priority waterfowl9,990,000 ha by December 2017

8,070,000 ha as of December 2015

This number represents the cumulative land area that has been secured in the four Canadian Habitat Joint Ventures (Eastern, Prairie, Canadian Intermountain and Pacific Birds) and the Western Boreal Forest Program Area under the North American Waterfowl Management Plan from January 1986 to December 2015.

Historically, the annual total is highly influenced by activities in the Western Boreal Forest Region because of the availability and relatively low cost of land securement opportunities. Between January 2013 and December 2015 there was no land securement in this Region, and it is anticipated that few such opportunities remain. As such, it may be difficult to meet the target.

Important and ecologically-sensitive habitat is secured to enhance the survival of wildlife, in particular, species at risk and migratory birdsCumulative total ecologically sensitive land area (in hectares) secured (Ecological Gifts Program)164,876 ha by March 2016

175,181 ha as of March 2016

This indicator is a measure of the success of the program in encouraging Canadians to donate land for conservation purposes. "Ecologically sensitive" habitat is identified according to a set of national and provincial/territorial criteria when assessing the validity of a donated gift.

The reported value represents the cumulative habitat secured from the inception of the program in 1996 to March 2016. The land area secured and protected varies from year to year, as it is dependent on decisions by individual Canadian citizens to donate land or a partial interest in land.

The value of the indicator reported in 2015 was 170,554 ha.

Habitats that are needed to achieve waterfowl population goals are enhancedTotal land area enhanced by Environment and Climate Change Canada and its partners under the North American Waterfowl Management Plan to achieve population goals for all priority waterfowl1,660,867 ha by December 2017

1,449,375 ha as of December 2015

This indicator measures the cumulative land area where enhancement actions were carried out on secured habitats in Canada to increase their carrying capacity for wetland-associated migratory birds and other wildlife.

The current target is based on historical patterns plus a 15% increase. The cost of enhancement activities is significantly lower in some regions, such as the Western Boreal Forest Region, allowing for more land area to be enhanced each year and accelerating progress towards the target. It is not anticipated there will be enough enhancement activity opportunities in areas like the Western Boreal Forest Region to meet the December 2017 target.

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Sub-Program 1.1.5: Protected Areas

Sub-Program Description

This program supports the delivery of Environment and Climate Change Canada’s obligations under the Species at Risk Act, Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, and Canada Wildlife Act. It entails managing a network of protected areas (National Wildlife Areas, Migratory Bird Sanctuaries and marine National Wildlife Areas) to protect priority habitats required for the conservation of Canada’s migratory birds and species at risk. The program also promotes public awareness and understanding of wildlife and nature conservation, and of Environment and Climate Change Canada’s role in conservation efforts. It carries out strategic planning and coordination in support of protected areas, as well as their management. It requires the support of the public and close collaboration with provincial and territorial governments, Aboriginal groups, other wildlife management or natural resource agencies, non-governmental organizations and property owners. Program activities support initiatives such as the Inuit Impact and Benefits Agreement, and the Northwest Territories Protected Areas Strategy to contribute to the further establishment of National Wildlife Areas in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories. The program operates as part of a broader network of protected areas that includes sites of other federal departments (Parks Canada, and Fisheries and Oceans Canada), provincial and territorial agencies, and conservation properties owned and/or managed by non-governmental organizations. The program also directs research and conducts monitoring in its protected areas.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
15,693,75420,874,8755,181,121
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
1141206
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Habitat for the conservation of migratory birds, species at risk and rare or unique species is protectedTotal area that is under legally-binding protection as National Wildlife Areas, Migratory Bird Sanctuaries and Marine Wildlife Areas12,448,961 ha by March 2016

12,448,961 ha as of December 2015

This indicator is a measure of the total area of marine and terrestrial National Wildlife Areas and Migratory Bird Sanctuaries managed by ECCC that are recognized by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as protected areas. Sixteen Migratory Bird Sanctuaries in mostly urban areas do not meet the IUCN definition, and therefore 5,134 hectares are not included.

No new sites have been added since 2010 and thus the total number of hectares is stable. Differences with the value reported in the 2014–15 Departmental Performance Report (DRP) are due to variations in the geographical measurement and information system and does not represent any change in the protected areas network.

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Sub-Program 1.2.1: Water Quality and Aquatic Ecosystems Health

Sub-Program Description

This program conducts research and monitoring activities to report on freshwater quality and aquatic ecosystem health of waters within the federal mandate, and to contribute to informed decision-making on public policy and regulations related to water management in Canada. The program coordinates several research and monitoring activities in the Great Lakes under the Canada–U.S. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. It includes collaboration with the Government of Alberta and stakeholders to implement the Joint Canada–Alberta Implementation Plan for Oil Sands Monitoring, an industry-funded, scientifically rigorous, comprehensive, integrated and transparent environmental monitoring of the oil sands region that will contribute to an improved understanding of the long-term cumulative effects of oil sands development. The program includes collaboration with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Fisheries and Oceans Canada to deliver data and information to inform the Canadian Shellfish Sanitation Program, a food safety program that aims to protect the health and safety of shellfish-consuming Canadians and that maintains international market access for Canada’s shellfish exports.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
71,945,64558,014,553-13,931,092
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
472406-66
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Canadians and their institutions have the water quality data, information and knowledge they need to make water management decisionsClient satisfaction index, on a scale of 1 (unsatisfactory) to 10 (excellent)To be determined once a baseline value is measured (2016)

72% as of February 2016

This is the first time this indicator is being reported. It measures the average percentage of clients representing institutions engaged in trans-boundary water management who rank their satisfaction as 7 out of 10 or higher on three questions regarding the quality, timeliness and availability of water quality monitoring data, information and/or advice. The focus on these particular clients is to align to the federal mandate to monitor the quality of water in transboundary watersheds.

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Sub-Program 1.2.2: Water Resources Management and Use

Sub-Program Description

This program supports integrated water management decisions at the federal, provincial, and territorial levels. It promotes and enables the application of science-based information to inform decision-making in an integrated and coherent manner consistent with the Department of the Environment Act, International Boundary Waters Treaty Act, Canada Water Act and International River Improvements Act. The program coordinates water quality and water quantity science and monitoring to inform decisions, policy development and management approaches. It provides science, engineering and monitoring information to domestic and international water boards (e.g. International Joint Commission, Lake of the Woods Control Board), and contributes Departmental expertise to these water boards in order to regulate water levels and flows to protect ecosystems and a wide range of socio-economic interests related to domestic and Canada-U.S. transboundary waters.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
2,513,8334,022,8351,509,002
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
274316
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Water resource decision-makers have the necessary information and stakeholder perspectives to make responsible and appropriate shared-resource decisionsPercentage of survey respondents rating their satisfaction with Environment and Climate Change Canada's involvement on water boards and committees as 8 out of 10 or higher80% by March 2016

65% as of March 2016

The indicator is a measure of client satisfaction with the engineering and science support provided by ECCC for domestic and international water management boards.

This year’s value is slightly lower than the previous value of 70% in 2013–14. These values may not be entirely comparable, however, as the previous value was collected in the context of a program evaluation, while this one was through a client survey administered by the program. The response rate for the 2016 survey was 15%, which could also have affected the results.

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Sub-Program 1.2.3: Hydrometric Services

Sub-Program Description

Information on the water cycle within Canada is critical to decision-making to protect the health and safety of Canadians (e.g. flood forecasting and prevention), to scientific research, and to support improved economic efficiency (e.g. agriculture, hydroelectricity and international shipping). This program provides hydrometric data, information and knowledge that Canadian jurisdictions need to make water management decisions. This program supports the goals and mandates of all levels of government involved in managing water supplies. The hydrometric data, meteorological information and ancillary information provided by Environment and Climate Change Canada are used by international, federal, provincial, territorial and municipal agencies to regulate and respond to changing water levels and flows within Canada and in bodies of water that cross international boundaries. Under the Canada Water Act, monitoring activities of this program are carried out through cost-shared bilateral agreements between Environment and Climate Change Canada and each of the provinces and territories (Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada represents Nunavut and the Northwest Territories). These agreements create the national framework within which Environment and Climate Change Canada collects, interprets and provides water level and flow information, and supports both decision-making and scientific investigations. For example, hydrometric data provides important information to be used in the response to floods. Program delivery may include Contributions in support of Water Resources.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
21,311,38219,746,901-1,564,481
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
21924526
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Canadians and their institutions have the hydrological data, information and knowledge they need to make water management decisionsPercentage of survey respondents rating their satisfaction with Environment and Climate Change Canada's hydrometric services as 8 out of 10 or higher80% by March 2016

73% as of March 2016

This program collects, produces and disseminates hydrometric data through cost-shared bilateral agreements between ECCC and the provinces and territories. The indicator provides a measure of the satisfaction of provincial and territorial partners with the performance of the Water Survey of Canada. Satisfaction is gauged annually (each spring) through the Water Survey of Canada Partner Survey.

The value of this indicator was 79% for the previous two years. The decrease is due to the sample size, where a change in an individual score significantly alters the indicator value.

The lowest satisfaction level as reported through the 2015–16 survey was 7 out of 10.

The average score was 8.2 out of 10 on the survey scale.

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Sub-Program 1.3.1: Sustainability Reporting and Indicators

Sub-Program Description

This program works with other government departments through the Sustainable Development Office to implement the Federal Sustainable Development Act, which mandates Environment and Climate Change Canada to lead the implementation, tracking and reporting of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS). The Act requires the Minister of the Environment to develop and implement a federal sustainable development strategy that will make environmental decision-making more transparent and accountable to Parliament. In accordance with the Act, every three years the strategy is tabled in Parliament, setting out the federal sustainable development goals, targets and implementation strategies. In addition, the Sustainable Development Office provides, at least once every three years, a report on the federal government’s progress in implementing the FSDS. This program also supports the responsible federal departments and agencies in developing and tabling their individual strategies that support and foster greater transparency and accountability to the public and Parliament. As well, the program works with other government departments, through the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators initiative, to report on environmental indicators that track the progress of the FSDS and issues of concern to Canadians, including air quality and climate, water quality and availability, and protecting nature.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
7,752,5348,484,090731,556
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
5554-1
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Increased use of Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators in sustainable development policy and reportingAnnual number of visits to the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators website100,000 by March 2016

54,589 as of March 2016

Updates to the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators website were suspended for many months due to the 2015 federal election, resulting in less activity on the site. This is thought to have resulted in reduced interest and the aggregate number of visits in 2015–2016.

This is the first year of reporting for this indicator.

Policies and plans of federal government departments reflect the goals and targets in the Federal Sustainable Development StrategyPercentage of goals, targets and implementation strategies from the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy integrated into annual reporting by departments and agencies designated by the Federal Sustainable Development Act100% by March 2016

95% as of March 2016

The reported value is based on a review of 2016–17 Reports on Plans and Priorities and 2014–15 Departmental Performance Reports. The review assesses only whether the required information is contained in the reports and does not include consideration of the quality or clarity of the information reported.

The indicator value remains stable from the 95% reported in 2014–15. As the actual value is within 5% of the target it may be considered to have been substantively met.

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Sub-Program 1.3.2: Ecosystem and Environmental Assessments

Sub-Program Description

This program consists of a consolidated range of activities that support the assessment, evaluation and management of Canada’s ecosystems in a sustainable manner. The program’s diverse components provide scientific expertise, guidance and advice to decision-makers across different levels of government, environmental and non-governmental organizations, industry, the research community and the general public. The program aims to ensure that ecosystem information and environmental effects of development proposals can be factored into decisions. It conducts research, and monitors, assesses and reports on the health of ecosystems and biodiversity. The program also monitors biodiversity and contaminants as part of the Joint Oil Sands Monitoring Implementation Plan in order to provide an improved understanding of the long-term cumulative effects of oil sands development. Environment and Climate Change Canada participates in federal environmental assessments, including those in the North, and contributes scientific expertise in territorial and provincial environmental assessments, which collectively provide a platform for the Department to contribute to the health of ecosystems.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
21,784,43621,015,191-769,245
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
167157-10
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Potential significant adverse environmental effects of projects, plans, programs or policies subject to federal environmental assessment legislation and Cabinet Directives are avoided or mitigatedProportion of Environment and Climate Change Canada recommendations on priority environmental outcomes that are incorporated into PanelFootnote 2 reports60% by March 2016

89% as of March 2016

The reported value for 2015-16 is based on four projects that were approved under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act in 2014–15: Deep Geologic Repository; Wolverine River Lateral Loop; Ekati Diamond Mine Expansion; and Kiggavik Uranium Mine.

In total, 72 out of 81 recommendations were incorporated in Panel reports, either fully or partially. The target has been exceeded.

Previous reported values were 74% in 2014–15 and 65% in 2013–14, although care should be taken in comparing values due to changes in the indicator methodology.

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Sub-Program 1.3.3: Community Engagement

Sub-Program Description

This program engages individual Canadians and communities in protecting and restoring the environment through behavioural change, capacity building, community-based funding programs and engagement activities.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
9,686,5269,414,197-272,329
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
2921-8
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Increased engagement of Canadians in individual and collective activities to protect, conserve or restore the natural environmentNumber of Canadians engaged in individual and collective actions to protect, conserve or restore the natural environment130,000 annually by March 2018

165,214 as of March 2015

This indicator is a measure of engagement of Canadians through the EcoAction Community Funding program and the Environmental Damages Fund.

Reporting is for the previous fiscal year due to the timing of completion of final reports from proponents for projects funded by the program.

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Sub-Sub-Program 1.3.3.1: EcoAction Community Funding

Sub-Sub-Program Description

This funding program was established to provide financial support to not-for-profit and non-governmental organizations for community projects that have measurable positive impacts on the environment. Projects funded by EcoAction protect, rehabilitate or enhance the environment, and build the capacity of communities and individuals to sustain these activities. Projects are funded in one of four priority areas: clean air, climate change, clean water or nature. The success of EcoAction projects requires the involvement of community members, including volunteers.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
6,149,9185,488,778-661,140
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
1615-1
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Funded projects achieve their planned goals for nature conservation, clean water and/or climate changeAverage percentage of project environmental goals achieved100% by March 2016

151% as of March 2015

Actual results achieved by projects may exceed original goals for various reasons, including proponents obtaining additional funding from other partners or uncertainties in identifying planned goals.

Reporting is for the previous fiscal year due to the timing of completion of final reports from proponents for projects funded by the program.

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Sub-Sub-Program 1.3.3.2: Environmental Damages Fund

Sub-Sub-Program Description

This program, aimed at improving the quality of Canada’s natural environment, was created in 1995 to implement the polluter-pay principle by managing funds received as compensation for environmental damages. Funds may originate from fines, court-ordered payments, out-of-court settlements and voluntary payments. Funds are disbursed in the geographic region where the original incident occurred (when possible), and are used to finance projects that focus on environmental restoration, including those involving environmental quality improvement, research and development, education and awareness. Eligible recipients include non-governmental organizations, universities and other academic institutions, Aboriginal groups, and provincial, territorial and municipal governments. Partners include Transport Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and Parks Canada.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
384,802393,0898,287
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
341
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Recognition by judges of the value of the Environmental Damages Fund to restore environmental damage or harm to wildlifeAnnual number of court awards directing payment to the Environmental Damages Fund via non-directed legislation10 by March 2016

9 as of March 2016

This indicator is a measure of the recognition by the legal community of the value of the Environmental Damages Fund (EDF), due in part to targeted promotion of the program. The indicator is limited to non-directed legislation, that is, legislation where awards are at the discretion of judges and are not automatically directed to the EDF.

Previous values of the indicator were: 5 in 2015 and 15 in 2014. The overall number of awards has been growing, although the number of non-directed awards is now trending downward because more statutes automatically direct funds to the EDF.

Natural resources similar to those affected are restoredArea (hectares) where natural resources similar to those affected has been restored200 by March 2016

3.1 hectares as of March 2016

This is the first year of reporting on this indicator. The value for 2015–16 is lower than expected because there are on-going, multi-year projects which completed restoration work in 2015–16, but for which project results will not be reported until final reports are submitted by proponents late in 2016–17.

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Sub-Sub-Program 1.3.3.3: Environmental Youth Employment

Sub-Sub-Program Description

This program manages two youth employment initiatives: International Environmental Youth Corps (IEYC) and Science Horizons, under the Careers Focus stream of the federal Youth Employment Strategy (YES) led by Employment and Social Development Canada. Consistent with Environment and Climate Change Canada’s mandate to promote the integration of economic, social and environmental aspects of sustainable development, these two initiatives offer opportunities to unemployed and under-employed Canadian youth to gain work experience in the environmental sector. The IEYC offers approximately 130 intern placements across Canada in the environment sector annually, which extend for 6-12 months. IEYC funding is allocated equitably across Canada. In collaboration with universities, non-governmental organizations and industry, Science Horizons annually offers approximately 100 internships, extending 6-12 months, to youths working on environmental science projects allocated across Canada.        

Note: The Government of Canada announced changes to the YES in Economic Action Plan 2014. The changes were initiated to improve the YES to ensure that it is aligned with the evolving realities of the job market and that federal investments in youth employment provide young Canadians with real-life work experience in high-demand fields such as science, technology, engineering, mathematics and the skilled trades. In response to the new direction, Environment and Climate Change Canada will reallocate the IEYC funds to the Science Horizons Youth Internship Program, which is better positioned to deliver on the new priorities.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
3,151,8063,532,330380,524
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
102-8
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Experienced youth are employed in the environmental sector or seek higher educationPercentage of youth participants that either obtain full-time employment in their field or that return to continue education following completion of their internship or placement80% by March 2016

Results are not available at this time.

As a result of program expansion, new partnerships and agreements were required which delayed the program’s launch. Although internships were initiated in 2015–16, most continued into 2016–17. Reporting on these internships is not yet complete. A value for the indicator will be reported in the 2016–17 DPR.

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Sub-Program 1.3.4: Great Lakes

Sub-Program Description

This program provides leadership, oversight, coordination, funding and governance mechanisms for the Great Lakes Ecosystem Initiative, by managing, delivering and reporting on a number of key initiatives: the Canada–U.S. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, Canada–Ontario Agreement, Great Lakes Nutrient Initiative, Great Lakes Action Plan, and Action Plan for Clean Water (Great Lakes sediment remediation implementation). Work encompasses policy development, issues management, work planning, reporting, coordination of science and monitoring, and the development, implementation and analysis of agreements, plans and initiatives. The program works in collaboration with other federal departments and other levels of government in Canada and the U.S., Aboriginal groups, conservation authorities and watershed management agencies, municipalities, environmental organizations and stewardship networks. Specifically, it implements Remedial Action Plans and Lakewide Action and Management Plans to improve environmental quality and achieve the vision of a healthy and prosperous Great Lakes ecosystem. It uses funding from the Great Lakes Action Plan to restore beneficial use impairments in identified Areas of Concern, and implements contaminated sediment remediation projects with funding from the Action Plan for Clean Water. Funding from the Great Lakes Nutrient Initiative is used to determine phosphorus targets and identify possible actions to reduce levels that contribute to harmful algae. The program develops action plans and strategies to address evolving and historic issues of emerging concern in the Great Lakes—including species and habitat protection, chemicals of concern to Canada and the United States, and the identification of climate change impacts on Great Lakes water quality. The program also regularly reports federally and provincially through the Canada–Ontario Agreement and bi-nationally through the Canada–U.S. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, including specifically through the State of the Great Lakes reports on environmental indicators, the Progress Report of the Parties (Canada–U.S.), updates on Lakewide Action and Management Plans, Canada–Ontario Agreement Progress Reports, and a report on groundwater science.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
37,721,79818,489,332-19,232,466
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
648925
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners achieve near-term objectives for improvements in beneficial use impairments and environmental quality of the Great Lakes Basin ecosystemEstimated progress achieved against near-term goals identified in the Canada-Ontario Agreement (COA)100% by December 2019

Results are not available at this time.

The first assessment of progress against the 2014 COA was initiated in February 2016 but is not yet complete. Progress will be reported in the 2016–17 DPR.

Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners achieve near-term objectives for improvements in beneficial use impairments and environmental quality of the Great Lakes Basin ecosystemNumber of beneficial uses whose status is listed as “impaired” or “requires further assessment” for Canada’s 17 Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes70 by December 2019 (end of the 2014–2019 COA)

97 as of March 2016

The previous value of the indicator was 103 as of March 2015. Since then, 5 beneficial use impairments have been restored to “not impaired” status and one beneficial use identified as “requiring further assessment” has been confirmed as “not impaired”.

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Sub-Program 1.3.5: St. Lawrence

Sub-Program Description

This program provides leadership, oversight and coordination to the overall governance of the St. Lawrence Action Plan, and reports results achieved collectively between the Government of Canada and Government of Quebec. It works to establish cooperative partnerships between the federal and provincial governments and non-governmental organizations, in order to address biodiversity conservation, water quality improvement, and sustainability of beneficial uses. It also supports stakeholder participation in collaboration processes and communities in improving environmental quality, through grants and contribution agreements. The program conducts and coordinates research, monitoring and prediction activities in the St. Lawrence with other federal and provincial departments, and releases reports regularly on the state of the St. Lawrence, fact sheets on 21 environmental indicators, and results of the St. Lawrence Action Plan.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
2,896,4643,024,901128,437
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
671
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners achieve near-term objectives for improvements in water quality, biodiversity conservation and beneficial uses in the St. Lawrence ecosystemEstimated progress achieved against near-term goals identified in the St. Lawrence Action Plan100% by March 2016

85% of projects proceeded as planned as of March 2016

Of the 52 planned projects in the Joint Action Program for 2014–15, 44 proceeded as planned, 3 experienced minor difficulties, and 5 faced major difficulties which resulted in the abandonment of the projects.

The decrease from 89% as of March 2015 is due to reduced involvement from contributing federal departments and provincial partners as a result of changes to priorities and mandates.

Non-federal government partners contribute to near-term objectives for improvements in water quality, biodiversity conservation and beneficial uses in the St. Lawrence ecosystemAverage number of participating external organizations per project funded by Environment and Climate Change Canada under the St. Lawrence Action Plan3 by March 2016

7.25 as of March 2016

Within the 21 projects funded under the Community Interaction Program, a total of 87 partner organizations are involved, a number similar to previous years.

In the Areas of Prime Concern (ZIP – Zones d’intervention prioritaire) program, the 15 signed contribution agreements involve a total of 201 partners. This is a slight decrease from 215 in 2014–15 and 213 in 2013–14.

Contributions to the Government of Quebec via the Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment and the Fight against Climate Change have allowed for the implementation of 13 projects, in collaboration with four provincial ministries and some 60 organizations.

Non-federal government partners contribute to near-term objectives for improvements in water quality, biodiversity conservation and beneficial uses in the St. Lawrence ecosystemFunds contributed by non-federal government organizations per dollar contributed by Environment and Climate Change Canada to projects under the St. Lawrence Action Plan$3.5 by March 2016

$3.30 as of March 2016

This indicator is a measure of the success in attracting contributions from external organizations to projects under the Community Interaction Program.

The value in 2015–16 was slightly higher than the $3.03Footnote 3 in 2014–15, although the target continues to be substantively met (within 10%).

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Sub-Program 1.3.6: Lake Simcoe/South-eastern Georgian Bay

Sub-Program Description

This program provides financial and technical support through the Lake Simcoe/South-eastern Georgian Bay Clean-Up Fund to implement priority projects through contributions to citizens, non-governmental organizations, provincial ministries, conservation authorities, land owners, universities and industry. The Fund also supports key research within federal departments. Priority objectives of the Fund are to support projects that: improve monitoring, assessment and information required to improve decision-making for phosphorus reduction strategies; conserve critical aquatic habitat and associated species through targeted aquatic habitat protection, restoration and creation; reduce rural and urban non-point sources of nutrients, including implementation of best management practices for the management of soil, crops, livestock, etc. and creating and rehabilitating wetlands and naturalizing watercourses; and reduce discharges of phosphorus from point sources, including sewage, combined sewer overflows and urban storm water systems. This includes support to develop and test innovative approaches to manage urban storm water and wastewater. The initiative is administered by Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Lake Simcoe/South-eastern Georgian Bay office in consultation with Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, the Province of Ontario, the Lake Simcoe Conservation Authority and other key stakeholders. Program investments are expected to improve water quality for recreational use, substantially reduce phosphorus loads from urban and rural sources, and advance the restoration of a sustainable cold-water fishery, as well as ecological integrity. This initiative is a key component of the Government’s Action Plan for Clean Water and supports commitments of the federal government related to the Canada–United States Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
7,231,6909,131,7401,900,050
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
7158
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners achieve reductions in phosphorus loads and restoration and protection of fish and aquatic dependent wildlife populations of Lake Simcoe and South-eastern Georgian BayEstimated annual reductions in phosphorus inputs to the Lake Simcoe and South-eastern Georgian Bay watersheds due to projects supported by the program4,000 kg by March 2017

1,858 kg as of March 2016

The reported value represents the results of projects approved in 2013–14, 2014–15 and 2015–16 that were completed or partially completed (multi-year) during those fiscal years.

Results from some multi-year projects are not yet available.

The previous value was 1,325 kg as of March 2015.

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Sub-Program 1.3.7: Lake Winnipeg

Sub-Program Description

The Lake Winnipeg Basin Initiative (LWBI) focuses on three key areas: science (research, monitoring and information sharing); transboundary partnerships; and the implementation and administration of the Lake Winnipeg Basin Stewardship Fund, which provides financial support for high-impact, solution-oriented projects aimed at reducing nutrient loads and improving the long-term ecological health of the Lake and watershed. National science and governance initiatives, aligned with Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Water Quality and Aquatic Ecosystems Health program (1.2.1), also support the LWBI. The Initiative’s activities are managed and coordinated by the Lake Winnipeg Basin Office. The program works with existing water governance bodies to explore options and opportunities to cooperatively develop and support implementation of a basin-wide nutrient strategy, in addition to providing a forum for communication. This includes working with the Province of Manitoba to continue implementation of the Canada–Manitoba Memorandum of Understanding Respecting Lake Winnipeg, which provides for a long-term collaborative and coordinated approach between the two Governments to support the sustainability and health of the Lake Winnipeg Basin. The program financially supports the Lake Winnipeg Research Consortium, to facilitate and enhance community-led scientific research via the only lake-based research vessel in existence, i.e., the MV Namao. As well, the program financially supports the ongoing development and expansion of the single-window web information portal, housed at the University of Manitoba, to better promote and enable data sharing and analysis with partners and other networks, in order to support research on Lake Winnipeg.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
2,078,7533,892,3851,813,632
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
693
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Reduced nutrient loading in the Lake Winnipeg basinEstimated reduction of phosphorus load in the Lake Winnipeg basin resulting from projects funded by Lake Winnipeg Basin Stewardship Fund10,800 kg by March 2017

36,065 kg as of March 2016

This indicator tracks the total amount of phosphorus that has been reduced or diverted from Lake Winnipeg as a result of projects funded by the program. The reported value is the sum of reductions reported by Phase II projects in their final reports, as estimated using standard, scientifically-derived formulas or measured by conducting pre- and post-project water quality sampling.

In addition to the reported amount, projects still underway are anticipated to reduce phosphorus by another 7,716kg. Stewardship projects funded in Phase I achieved a total four-year reduction of 6,492 kg of phosphorus.

The current estimated phosphorus reduction for Phase II is 43,340 kg. The target has already been exceeded.

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Sub-Program 1.3.8: Ecosystems Partnerships

Sub-Program Description

This program coordinates and oversees initiatives in targeted ecosystems in the Atlantic, Pacific and northern regions of Canada, with the goal of ensuring their health, productivity and long-term sustainability. The program’s focuses are building partnerships, supporting actions, and strengthening collaboration between several levels of government, academia, industry, Aboriginal groups and non-governmental organizations, to enhance science and research and share knowledge and information that increase our understanding of and help to protect and restore these ecosystems. In Atlantic Canada, this program implements the Atlantic Ecosystem Initiatives, which is working collaboratively to address needs and issues regarding habitat and biodiversity, nearshore water quality, and the impacts of climate change. In the Okanagan Basin ecosystem, collaborative work continues on the use of water balance models to guide economic development, land use planning, and the protection of habitat and biodiversity; and efforts in the Salish Sea (Georgian Basin) focus on the development and support of collaborative science regarding the issues of habitat and biodiversity.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
2,328,4125,339,0893,010,677
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
21917
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Achievement of objectives for improvements in beneficial uses and environmental quality in priority ecosystems set by Environment and Climate Change Canada and collaborating organizationsPercentage of project expected results achieved90% by May 2016

91% as of June 2016

This indicator is a measure of the success of funded projects in achieving their planned results in addressing priority issues of the Atlantic Ecosystems Initiative, the Gulf of Maine Initiative, or the Okanagan Ecosystem Initiative.

This is the first year of reporting for this indicator. The target has been met.

Engagement of partners in projects involving targeted ecosystemsNumber of partners or organizations participating in Environment and Climate Change Canada supported projects which address program priorities in targeted ecosystems30 by May 2016

114 as of June 2016

This indicator reflects the collaborative projects (through contribution agreements or other arrangements) that ECCC has established or maintained to support ecosystem-based environmental management as part of the Atlantic Ecosystems Initiative, the Gulf of Maine Initiative and the Okanagan Ecosystems Initiative.

This is the first year of reporting for this indicator. The target has been exceeded.

Engagement of partners in projects involving targeted ecosystemsRatio of resources contributed by partners per dollar contributed by Environment and Climate Change Canada1 by May 2016

0.8 as of June 2016

Approximately $1.47 million was contributed by partners toward funded projects, in comparison to $1.85 million in funding contributed by ECCC.

The target of a 1 to 1 ratio was not achieved for the program as a whole, although it was achieved for the Okanagan Ecosystem Initiative.

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Sub-Program 2.1.1: Weather Observations, Forecasts and Warnings

Sub-Program Description

This program provides all-day, every-day weather warnings, forecasts and information, with lead times that vary from minutes to weeks. Its purpose is to help Canadians and a variety of economic sectors anticipate dangerous meteorological events and afford enough time to protect themselves, their livelihood, and their property. The program also provides a variety of economic and commercial sectors (such as news media, natural resource sectors and specialized users) with climate and meteorological services, including data from the Canadian Lightning Detection Network. Program activities combine research in science and modelling with regional monitoring, prediction and service delivery. These activities depend on the supercomputing capacity managed by Shared Services Canada. The program is delivered through collaborations involving data, science and information distribution in Canada and internationally. Key partners are the news media, all levels of government, academia, other national meteorological services, and research and space agencies. In particular, the program contributes approximately $2 million annually to the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in support of Canada’s international commitments in meteorology and hydrology. The program meets responsibilities under the Department of the Environment Act and Weather Modification Information Act, and supports other departments acting under the Emergency Management Act (2007). Program delivery includes assessed contributions to the WMO, and may include grants and contributions in support of Weather and Environmental Services for Canadians.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
162,902,870155,209,915-7,692,955
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
87890931
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Canadians have the information they need on current and changing weather conditionsPercentage of the population who report that they are somewhat or very likely to access weather information during a typical day90% by July 2016

91% as of January 2016

The reported value represents the percentage of respondents who reported that they see or hear a weather forecast at least once in a typical day. The indicator is measured every four or five years as the value is not expected to change rapidly.

The previous value for this indicator was 90% in February 2011, which was the basis for setting the target. However, due to changes in question wording and survey timing, the current value may not be directly comparable.

Canadians have the information they need on current and changing weather conditionsPercentage of public forecast maximum temperatures for Day 3 and Day 5 that are accurate to within 3 degrees

Day 3: 82% by April 2017

Day 5: 72% by April 2017

Day 3: 85% as of March 2016

Day 5: 75% as of March 2016

This indicator is a measure of accuracy of selected components of public weather forecasts. This is the first year this indicator has been reported in the DPR.

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Sub-Program 2.1.2: Health-related Meteorological Information

Sub-Program Description

This program provides forecasts, tools, data and information on atmospheric conditions that affect health, such as air quality, extreme temperatures and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. It supports the mandates of Environment and Climate Change Canada, Health Canada and many public and non-governmental health agencies. The program includes work on the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) and other projects that assist Canadians in making informed decisions to protect their health and reduce pollution, and that enable health agencies to help vulnerable populations respond to changing atmospheric conditions. It is delivered across Canada through collaborations promoting data and information dissemination. Collaborators include the media, public health agencies at all levels of government, provincial environment agencies and non-governmental agencies. This program also conducts systematic observations and monitoring of background air pollutants (CAPMon Network) and ozone in the atmosphere, and hosts the World Ozone and UV Data Centre, operated on behalf of the World Meteorological Organization and used by over 75 government agencies around the world. Program delivery may include grants and contributions in support of Weather and Environmental Services for Canadians.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
10,487,0988,920,190-1,566,908
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
7661-15
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Canadians have the information they need to protect their health against risks related to air quality and other atmospheric conditionsPercentage of targeted sensitive populations within selected regions receiving information on the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) who report that they recall seeing or hearing AQHI information15 - 25% of sensitive population (range is due to regional variation) by March 2016

17% as of October 2011

This indicator measures the extent to which the AQHI is reaching the targeted audience. The most recent value was collected through the AQHI National Survey in 2011 and represents an initial baseline. The timing of the next survey has yet to be determined.

Canadians have the information they need to protect their health against risks related to air quality and other atmospheric conditionsPercentage of the general population within selected regions receiving Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) who report that they recall seeing or hearing AQHI information15 - 20% of general population (range is due to regional variation) by March 2016

15% as of October 2011

This indicator measures the extent to which the AQHI is well disseminated to the general Canadian population. The most recent value was collected through the AQHI National Survey in 2011 and represents an initial baseline. The timing of the next survey has yet to be determined.

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Sub-Program 2.1.3: Climate Information, Predications and Tools

Sub-Program Description

This program generates new knowledge and information about past, present and future states of the climate system and how it functions, as well as the changing composition of the atmosphere and related impacts. Its work includes: developing global and regional climate models and scenarios; detecting human influence on climate change in Canada, including extremes; understanding the North and the Canadian cryosphere; and tracking atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases and aerosols across Canada, including in remote locations. These activities increase understanding of the impacts of climate change on economic sectors and ecosystems. Results from the program’s analysis and research activities provide the scientific basis for policy development, mitigation, adaptation planning and decision-making for programs such as the Federal Adaptation Policy Framework, as well as products, services and tools to Canadians. In particular, climate services inform and assist users in adapting to both present climate variability and medium- to long-term changes in climate. The program shares data, science and information with all levels of government in Canada, academia, industry, consortia, standards councils, and the national and international scientific community, including organizations such as the World Meteorological Organization, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society. The program meets responsibilities under the Department of the Environment Act, Canadian Environmental Protection Act (1999), Emergency Management Act (2007), National Research Council Act (Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes), and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (articles 4 and 5: monitoring and research). Program delivery may include grants and contributions in support of Weather and Environmental Services for Canadians.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
18,713,04017,217,663-1,495,377
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
153138-15
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Clients and users have the information they require on climate projections, scenarios and climate data sets on various time and spatial scalesAnnual number of downloads of climate datasets25,000 by March 2016

53,036 (annual average) for 2013 to 2016

The indicator is a measure of use of climate information produced by the program. The value is reported as an annual average over three years to reduce the effects of year to year variability. The number of downloads of individual climate data products (e.g., climate models, historic climate data records) tends to be higher following scheduled updates. Timing of national and international climate assessments may also affect the indicator.

The previously reported value was 22,935 for 2012 to 2015. The target has been exceeded.

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Sub-Program 2.2.1: Meteorological Services in Support of Air Navigation

Sub-Program Description

This program provides the aviation industry and its regulatory agency with meteorological services (observations, forecasts and warnings) 24 hours/day, 365 days/year. It supports the goals and missions of NAV CANADA and Transport Canada, and supports the domestic and international airlines operating in Canadian territory in making tactical decisions in order to maximize their efficiency, effectiveness and safety. The program also includes the Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), one of nine such centres around the world operating under the authority of the International Civil Aviation Organization. The VAAC forecasts the transport of airborne volcanic ash to reduce the risk of aircraft disasters, and provides operational support and backup to other VAACs worldwide. The program is delivered under a contract between Environment and Climate Change Canada and NAV CANADA.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
4,803,8573,040,353-1,763,504
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
150136-14
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
NAV CANADA and the aviation industry have the meteorological information and services they need to maximize their efficiency and aviation safetyAverage rating, on a scale of 1 (very unsatisfactory) to 10 (very satisfactory), of client satisfaction with aviation weather services provided by Environment and Climate Change Canada7.5 by March 2016

7.4 as of October 2015

This indicator is a measure of the overall satisfaction with the products and services provided by the program for NAV CANADA and their clients. Data for the indicator were obtained through a client survey questionnaire. The indicator value is an average of the individual respondent ratings. Previous reported values were 7.2 in 2014 and 7.1 in 2013.

The target was substantively met (within 10%).

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Sub-Program 2.2.2: Meteorological and Ice Service in Support of Marine Navigation

Sub-Program Description

This program provides marine industries and regulatory agencies with forecasts of the sea state, ice conditions and weather 24 hours/day, 365 days/year. It supports the International Maritime Organization by providing meteorological information for Canadian and international Arctic waters, and supports the goals and mandates of the Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO). The program helps marine industries and other interests operating in Canadian waters, including organizations involved in shipping, fisheries and resource extraction, to make tactical decisions (such as ship routing), in order to maximize their safety and efficiency. As a key collaborator, the CCG broadcasts information related to this program to marine interests, and provides in-situ weather, sea-state and ice information to Environment and Climate Change Canada. The program is operated in part through a memorandum of understanding with DFO for services related to current and forecast ice conditions over Canadian navigable waters. The program meets responsibilities under the Department of the Environment Act, Oceans Act and Fisheries Act. It also supports commitments to the International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System, and the North American Ice Service.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
8,167,64510,297,3582,129,713
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
11113120
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Marine communities have the weather, wave and ice information they need to operate safely and efficiently in Canadian watersPercentage of mariners who indicate satisfaction with the available products, including ability to access this information90% by March 2016

91% as of January 2016

This indicator is based on a survey of Commanding Officers in the Canadian Coast Guard, who are key clients of the program’s services.

Marine communities have the weather, wave and ice information they need to operate safely and efficiently in Canadian watersPercentage of clients and organizations within the targeted sector who report that they have factored ice information into their decisionsTo be determinedResults for this indicator are not available.

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Sub-Program 2.2.3: Meteorological Services in Support of Military Operations

Sub-Program Description

This program provides the Department of National Defence (DND) with meteorological and oceanographic information, predictions and tools needed for operations of the Canadian Forces (CF) in Canada and abroad. It is a collaborative program, operating under a memorandum of understanding with DND, responding to CF-specific needs and recovering its incremental costs from DND. The program is critical to CF operations, as it contributes to the effectiveness and safety of tactical, operational and strategic manoeuvres within Canada and in various active military areas globally. It also supports DND’s legal and statutory responsibilities under the Aeronautics Act, the legal foundation for military aviation safety.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
2,820,7911,984,137-836,654
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
10084-16
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
The Department of National Defence has the meteorological and oceanographic information and knowledge it needs to optimize its operations in Canada and abroadAverage rating, on a scale of 1 (very dissatisfied) to 10 (very satisfied), of client satisfaction with services provided by Environment and Climate Change Canada to the Department of National Defence7.5 by March 2016

8.5 for 2015–16

Data for this indicator were obtained from a client survey questionnaire, administered to direct clients of the program’s services from March to May 2016. The reported value is an average of individual responses to questions regarding the accessibility/delivery, timeliness and accuracy of services and products. Previous values were 8.2 in 2014 and 8.1 in 2013, recalculated using this year’s methodology for comparison purposes. The target has been exceeded.

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Sub-Program 3.1.1: Substances Management

Sub-Program Description

This program is responsible for assessing and managing risks to the environment from all existing substances identified under the Chemicals Management Plan, as well as new substances (upon notification by industry of their import or manufacture) for risks to the environment. The program uses science-based risk assessment, priority setting, and timely regulatory actions (or other measures where appropriate) to manage risks associated with substances determined to be harmful. It works to improve substance management through research and monitoring, tracking of pollutant releases (through reporting to the National Pollutant Release Inventory) and ongoing performance assessment of control-risk measures. The program uses regulations and other control measures, under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, Part 5, Controlling Toxic Substances, to address the risk posed by substances of concern throughout their life-cycle (e.g. released to the environment from industrial processes, contained in consumer and commercial products, or released from end-of-life products and waste). Also included is the international and interprovincial movement of waste and hazardous recyclable material. The program maintains transparency with stakeholders through consultation processes, including through engagement at the national and international levels. International engagement occurs in a vast array of fora, such as: implementing Canada’s legal commitments under the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions, the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and the Minamata Convention; the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Cooperative Chemicals Assessment Programme; and the United States–Canada Regulatory Cooperation Council.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
50,121,39953,214,0093,092,610
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
40442925
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Reduced releases to the environment of toxic and other substances of concernPercentage reduction of isoprene releases from the rubber manufacturing sector80% by March 2016

61% as of December 2014

The Pollution Prevention Plan applies to only one facility in Canada. As of December 2014, a reduction of isoprene releases of 61% had been achieved. On April 28, 2016, the Minister of Environment and Climate Change granted an 18 month extension to implement the Pollution Prevention Plan. Accordingly, the period to implement has been extended to December 31, 2018. No progress reports are due. Therefore the percentage achieved by March 2016 remains the same as that reported in 2014.

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Sub-Program 3.1.2: Effluent Management

Sub-Program Description

This program supports management of risks to the environment and human health from the discharge and deposit of waste residues into water (e.g. effluent). This is achieved through the development, implementation and administration of strategies and programs, such as pollution prevention plans, regulations, codes of practice, guidelines and environmental performance agreements. Under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 and Fisheries Act, the program addresses waste discharges and substances of concern in the effluent of industrial and public sectors, including but not limited to mining and processing, forest products, municipal wastewater and other sectors. Key activities include: conducting research and risk analysis; developing and implementing regulations and other control instruments; assessing the results of environmental effects monitoring of regulated facilities; providing technical advice to environmental assessments; and acting as the focal point for the Fisheries Act pollution prevention provisions (FA-PPP). Specifically, the program administers the FA-PPP, including the development of risk management instruments, and administers the Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations, Metal Mining Effluent Regulations and Pulp and Paper Effluent Regulations to control or manage the deposit of deleterious substances into water in order to reduce the threats to fish, fish habitat and human health from fish consumption. Program delivery requires collaboration with partners (including other federal government departments, other levels of government and associations) and consultation with industry, Aboriginal groups and other stakeholders.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
6,896,0525,944,145-951,907
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
6851-17
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Risk of effluent pollution from sectors regulated under the Fisheries Act is minimizedPercentage of facilities whose releases are within regulatory limits.
Regulations included in this indicator:
 Metal Mining Effluent Regulations (MMER)
; Pulp and Paper Effluent Regulations (PPER);
Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations (WSER)

95% for MMER and PPER

 by March 2016

To be determined for WSER as initial reporting is not yet complete.

Target will be established in 2016-17.

Pulp and Paper Effluent Regulations

99.86 % for total suspended solids

99.96% for biochemical oxygen demand

97.5% for effluent non-lethality requirements

All results are for calendar year 2014

Metal Mining Effluent Regulations

Over 99% compliance for metals and pH

97.6% for total suspended solids

99.5% for radium 226

99.0% for acute lethality testing

All results are for calendar year 2014

Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations

Regulated limits came into force on January 1, 2015 and will be reported for the first time in the 2016–17DPR.

Risk of effluent pollution from sectors regulated under the Fisheries Act is minimizedLoading (in tonnes) of biological oxygen demand (BOD) matter and total suspended solids from wastewater treatment facilities

To be determined, as initial reporting is not yet complete.

Target will be established in 2016–17.Footnote 4

Results for this indicator are not available. Regulated limits came into force on January 1, 2015 and will be reported for the first time in the 2016–17 DPR.

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Sub-Program 3.1.3: Marine Pollution

Sub-Program Description

This program assesses, controls and monitors the disposal at sea of wastes and other matter, and advises on marine pollution from ships. As of 2010, the program is responsible for assessing and controlling the risks to the marine environment resulting from Canadians or Canadian maritime traffic in the Antarctic. The program uses a mix of regulatory and non-regulatory instruments to prevent marine pollution. It addresses impacts on sediments and other wastes, administers prohibitions and controls, and assesses and issues permits for disposal at sea and Antarctic expeditions. Two cost-recovery fees are applicable to disposal at sea permits: an application fee assessed on all permits, and a permit fee assessed on dredged and inert inorganic material. The program conducts research and develops decision-making and monitoring tools as well as standards, and makes contributions to federal coordination of marine pollution prevention (ship-sourced). Relevant legislation for the program includes the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, including Part 7, Division 3 (Disposal at Sea), and the Antarctic Environmental Protection Act, 2003. International obligations include the London Convention and Protocol, the Antarctic Treaty and Madrid Protocol. The program also works to advance Canadian positions to influence global rules aimed at reducing and managing global marine pollution from all sources.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
1,193,9633,194,7862,000,823
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
122917
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Reduced marine pollution from uncontrolled dumping at seaPercentage of disposal site monitoring events that do not require site management action85% by March 2016

100% as of 2014

In 2015, monitoring was conducted at 13 sites. Monitoring results are available for five of these sites and no management actions were required for these sites. The monitoring results for the other eight sites are pending. Determinations on possible management actions for these sites will be made as the monitoring results become available.

Previous reported values for this indicator were 89% in 2013 and 92% in 2012.

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Sub-Program 3.1.4: Environmental Emergencies

Sub-Program Description

This program protects Canadians and their environment from the effects of emergency pollution incidents, through the provision of science-based expert advice and regulations. Specifically, it aims to reduce the frequency and consequences of emergency pollution incidents through five major activities: prevention, preparedness, response, recovery, and research and development. Prevention involves providing expert advice to proponents of large development projects, through the environmental assessment process and through regulating chemical facilities to develop and implement environmental emergency plans. Effective preparedness is built on role clarity, effective decision-making and communication, and trust and cooperation among government, industry and communities. During an emergency response, the National Environmental Emergencies Centre is Environment and Climate Change Canada’s focal point for provision of scientific advice, such as weather forecasting, contaminant trajectory modelling, the fate and behaviour of hazardous substances, sensitivity mapping, the establishment of clean-up priorities, and the protection of sensitive ecosystems and wildlife such as migratory birds. Recovery activities include assessing damage and providing advice to polluters on repairing environments damaged by environmental emergencies. By providing trusted, science-based expert advice, the program is able to assist emergency response agencies and industries to make responsible decisions about the environment before, during and after an environmentally significant pollution incident.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
15,105,09711,398,483-3,706,614
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
8782-5
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Regulatees comply with the requirements and obligations of the Environmental Emergency RegulationsPercentage of facilities requiring environmental emergency plans that have them in place as required by the Environmental Emergency Regulations90% by March 2016

96% as of March 2016

Previous values of the indicator were 86% in 2015, 93% in 2014 and 98.5% in 2013. The target has been exceeded.

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Sub-Program 3.1.5: Contaminated Sites

Sub-Program Description

This program is primarily directed to Environment and Climate Change Canada’s responsibilities in supporting the Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP). The FCSAP is a 15-year Government of Canada horizontal program aimed at reducing environmental and human health risks from known federal contaminated sites and associated federal financial liabilities. Fifteen federal departments (including Environment and Climate Change Canada), agencies and consolidated Crown corporations responsible for contaminated sites are currently involved in the FCSAP program, either as custodians of sites or in a supporting role. Environment and Climate Change Canada’s responsibilities include hosting the FCSAP Secretariat, developing guidance and program policies, and providing expert support to federal custodians for the assessment and remediation/risk management activities at their sites. In addition, the FCSAP Secretariat coordinates implementation of the Shared Sites Policy Framework.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
11,832,5889,778,189-2,054,399
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
4241-1
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Reduced liability at higher-risk federal contaminated sitesReduction in liability at all Class 1 and Class 2 Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP) funded sites during Phase II of FCSAP$1.17 billion by fiscal year 2015–16

$1.039 billion as of March 2016

This indicator is a measure of expenditures that reduce environmental liabilities associated with higher risk federal contaminated sites during Phase II of the Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (2011–12 to 2015–16).

While remediation expenditures at contaminated sites contribute to decreases in liability, recorded liability may increase due to the completion of assessment activities and/or changes in the estimated remediation costs as better information becomes available.

Results are not considered final until tabling of the Public Accounts of Canada for 2015-16.

Reduced risk to the environment and human health from federal contaminated sitesNumber of Class 1 and Class 2 Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP) funded sites where risk reduction activities have been completed368 by March 2016

177 as of March 2016

This indicator is a measure of the implementation of remediation or risk-management activities at Class 1 (high priority) and Class 2 (medium priority) sites funded under Phase II of the Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan.

The target has not been met since the work to implement the remediation or risk-management plans has taken longer than anticipated when the target was established by custodians in 2011–12. Other factors, such as weather or unplanned technical issues, have also led to project delays.

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Sub-Program 3.2.1: Climate Change and Clean Air Regulatory Program

Sub-Program Description

This program develops domestic approaches to climate change and air pollution by controlling emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and air pollutants (APs), and promotes science-based approaches to develop new standards and regulations. Core program activities focus on developing and implementing regulations to achieve the reduction of emissions from the industrial and transportation sectors while maintaining economic competitiveness. The program also undertakes analysis related to cross-cutting issues, develops compliance flexibilities, and negotiates equivalency agreements with provinces. It works with provinces and territories through the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment to implement the Air Quality Management System, which includes establishing new outdoor air quality standards and finalizing and implementing the industrial emissions requirements. The program’s core activities are supported by legal and economic analysis, as well as scientific research, monitoring and modelling of GHGs and APs emissions in order to provide a basis for developing, implementing and evaluating standards and regulations. Activities encompass data collection, emissions estimation and reporting to support domestic programs and meet international requirements, including compiling and submitting international reports on GHGs and APs.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
93,647,50889,192,870-4,454,638
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
618572-46
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Reduced emissions of air pollutants from regulated and/or targeted sectorsCanadian emissions of air pollutants from industrial and mobile sourcesDecline in the three-year average by 2020

Particulate matter (PM10): 209,226 tonnes (4.6% decrease)

Sulphur oxides (SOx): 1,169,529 tonnes (3.5% decrease)

Nitrogen oxides (NOx): 1,860,278 tonnes (3.1% decrease)

Volatile organic compounds (VOC): 1,277,914 tonnes (0.4% increase)Footnote 5

Mercury (Hg): 2,349 kg (1.4% decrease)

Carbon monoxide (CO): 3,722,851 tonnes (2.7% decrease)

Reported values are from Canada's Air Pollutant Emission Inventory. The values are three-year average emissions from industrial sectors (including electricity generation) and mobile sources for the period 2012 to 2014. Percentage changes are in comparison to 2011 to 2013.

Reduced emissions of greenhouse gases from targeted and/or regulated sectorsCanadian emissions of greenhouse gases in megatonnes (Mt) from industrial and mobile sources

Decline in emissions

Date to be achieved to be determined

Electricity: 78Mt (2.6% decrease)

Transportation: 171Mt (1.8% decrease)

Oil and Gas: 192Mt (2.7% increase)Footnote 6

Emissions-Intensives and Trade-Exposed Industries: 76Mt (1.3% decrease)

Values are for 2014, derived from Canada's National Inventory Report submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Units are in million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents. Percentage changes are in comparison to 2013.

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Sub-Sub-Program 3.2.1.1: Industrial Sector Emissions

Sub-Sub-Program Description

This program aims to reduce emissions of air pollutants (APs) and greenhouse gases (GHGs) from industrial sectors under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999. Key activities include the development of GHG standards and regulations for electricity, oil and gas, and emissions-intensive trade-exposed (EITE) sectors and the finalization of standards, regulations and other risk management instruments for air pollutants, as part of the Air Quality Management System. This also includes negotiating and developing equivalency agreements with interested provinces or territories. The program also undertakes monitoring, emissions quantification and reporting, verification, research and modelling, as well as economic and scientific assessments of current and future levels of air pollutants and GHG emissions. It is responsible for reporting requirements under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 for tracking and reporting releases of harmful substances, in order to meet domestic obligations (e.g. National Pollutant Release Inventory) and international obligations (e.g. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), and is responsible for the design and implementation of an electronic data collection and management system (to provide a harmonized system to report on GHG and AP emissions). The program also provides information to Canadians and decision-makers about the environmental and health impacts associated with air pollutants, including results of scientific monitoring and short-term studies regarding impacts from the oil sands.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
77,369,81165,569,877-11,799,934
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
481404-77
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Industrial sectors meet regulated emission intensity levels of greenhouse gasesPercentage of coal-fired electricity generation units meeting their regulated greenhouse gas emissions performance requirement100% by March 2016The regulated greenhouse gas emissions performance requirement only applies to new coal-fired electricity generation units, or units reaching their end-of-life. No new units have been built and the first coal-units to reach end-of-life will be in December 31st 2019. The first compliance reports will be due in June 2021.
Industrial sectors meet emission levels of air pollutants to comply with new or amended regulations by required datesPercentage of targeted industrial facilities, equipment or regulatees meeting their regulated air pollutant emissions reduction requirement

100%

Date to be achieved to be determined.

The Multi-Sector Air Pollutants Regulations and two Codes of Practice were published in June 2014. Work to finalize these instruments was conducted during the 2015–16 fiscal year. Reporting against these instruments will not occur until they are finalized.

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Sub-Sub-Program 3.2.1.2: Transportation Sector Emissions

Sub-Sub-Program Description

This program aims to reduce emissions from transportation sources (vehicles, engines and fuels, including biofuels) through the development, implementation and administration of regulations under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999. Key activities include: development of greenhouse gas (GHG) regulations for vehicles and engines; development of air pollutant regulations for various vehicles, engines and fuels, including biofuels; and implementation and administration of those regulations, including scientific testing and emissions verification to ensure compliance with standards. The program works with Transport Canada to address air pollutant and GHG emissions from maritime shipping, through development of new domestic and international standards, and recommends practices for marine vessels in collaboration with the International Maritime Organization. As well, it shares information and identifies areas of joint interest with provinces and territories toward reducing emissions, through a Mobile Sources Working Group.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
16,277,69723,622,9937,345,296
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
13716831
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Reduced greenhouse gas emissions from new motor vehicles, engines and fuels sold in Canada

Rate of compliance with the standards set out in the Passenger Automobile and Light Truck Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations for:

(i) submission of end-of-model year reports; and

(ii) fleet average emission standards.

(i) 100% by May 2014 (for the 2013 model year)

(ii) 100% by May 2015 (for the 2011 model year)

(i) 100% for 2013 model year

(ii) 100% for 2011 model year

The Passenger Automobile and Light Truck Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations introduced progressively more stringent GHG emissions standards for the 2011 to 2025 model years. Under the Regulations, companies that manufacture or import new vehicles are required to submit an annual end of model year report that is used to establish a company’s fleet average greenhouse gas performance relative to its applicable standard. Data reported are the most recent available.

The targets have been met.

Reduced air pollutant emissions from new motor vehicles, engines and fuels sold in CanadaAverage nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions in grams/mile for new light-duty, on-road vehicles offered for sale in Canada (by model year)0.07 grams/mile annually from 2011 until the coming into force of the new Tier 3 standards for model year ending December 2012 (to be reported in the 2015–16 Departmental Performance Report)

0.062 grams/mile for the 2013 model year

The On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations introduced progressively more stringent air pollutant (including NOx) emission standards for the 2004 to 2016 model years. Under the Regulations, companies that manufacture or import new vehicles are required to submit an annual end of model year report that is used to establish a company’s fleet NOx average relative to the regulatory standard. The 2013 data reported are the most recent available.

The target has been met.

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Sub-Program 3.2.2: International Climate Change and Clean Air Partnerships

Sub-Program Description

This program leads the development and implementation of bilateral and international agreements to address air pollutants and global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and coordinates Canada’s policy, negotiating positions and participation in relevant international fora. The program leads and participates in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and complementary international processes to negotiate a comprehensive, binding international climate change agreement. It also leads Canada’s participation in international fora, notably the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short Lived Climate Pollutants, the Arctic Council, and the Global Methane Initiative. The program meets international obligations by contributing to organizations such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research, and works under the Canada–U.S. Air Quality Agreement to manage transboundary air pollution. It works to implement the U.S.–Canada Clean Energy Dialogue to support bilateral collaboration on clean energy priorities, as well as with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation to address common issues related to climate change and air quality. The program also participates in the negotiation and implementation of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. Using pollutant data for air and GHG emissions, the program supports Canada in meeting international reporting requirements. It coordinates Canada’s participation under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and its Multilateral Fund, toward the gradual elimination of ozone-depleting substances at a global level. The program supports, in cooperation with other departments and in alignment with international programs, implementation of domestic and international commitments regarding climate change.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
16,800,81516,781,283-19,532
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
4137-4
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
International negotiations and agreements on air pollutants and greenhouse gases are proceeding in a direction consistent with Canadian priorities and interestsPercentage of stated objectives to be achieved in international negotiations and/or agreements which were met or mostly met

Negotiations: 70% by March 2016

Agreements: 70% by March 2016

Negotiations: 90% as of March 2016

Agreements: 100% as of March 2016

The 'Negotiations' indicator refers to key international climate change negotiations, including discussions under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change as well as supporting ad-hoc fora.

The 'Agreements' indicator refers to the Paris Agreement, which was negotiated under the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action and adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in December 2015.

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Sub-Program 3.2.3: Environmental Technology

Sub-Program Description

This program supports scientific assessments of the impacts of technologies on Canada’s natural environment, and contributes program management to the Government of Canada’s clean air and greenhouse gas technology investment decisions, policy making and regulations. It oversees the operations of Sustainable Development Technology Canada (with Natural Resources Canada) and other science and technology programs aimed at advancing clean technology. It provides expert analysis and assessment of clean technologies to address government priorities regarding clean air, climate change mitigation and green infrastructure.

Budgetary Financial Resources (dollars)
2015–16
Planned Spending
2015–16
Actual Spending
(authorities used)
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
12,423,75113,633,3731,209,622
Human Resources (FTEs)
2015–16
Planned
2015–16
Actual
2015–16
Difference
(actual minus planned)
53618
Performance Results
Expected ResultsPerformance IndicatorsTargetsActual Results
Reduced emissions from the implementation of environmental technologies funded under the SD Tech FundTMAnnual reduction of greenhouse gas emissions attributable to environmental technologies supported by the SD Tech FundTM9 Mt by December 2015

6.3 Mt as of December 2015

Actual reductions realized were lower than projected due to market conditions that resulted in lower than expected uptake of developed technologies.

Reduced emissions from the implementation of environmental technologies funded under the SD Tech FundTMAnnual reduction of air pollutant emissions attributable to environmental technologies supported by the SD Tech FundTM

SOx: 6155 t by December 2015

NOx: 3293 t by December 2015

PM: 459 t by December 2015

VOC: 175 t by December 2015

Sulphur oxides (SOx): 3782 t

Nitrogen oxides (NOx): 7742 t

Particulate matter (PM): 425 t

Volatile organic compounds (VOC): 428 t

All values are as of December 2015

Progress towards achieving the targets vary by pollutant as a result of different rates of market uptake for technologies that address specific pollutants.

Reduced emissions from municipal projects supported by the Green Municipal FundAnnual reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide equivalents) and air pollutants (criteria air contaminants) resulting from capital projects supported by the Green Municipal Fund (GMF)

100 kt GHGs by March 2016

100 t CACs by March 2016

11.5 kt CO2e/yr GHGs as of March 2015

4.2 t/yr CACs as of March 2015

The results for this indicator are below target because funded projects are still in progress, and their environmental benefits are often not fully seen until years after project completion.

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