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ARCHIVED - CEPA 1999 Annual Report for April 2009 to March 2010

Introduction

This Annual Report provides an overview of the results achieved under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999) from April 1, 2009, to March 31, 2010. The publication of this report responds to the statutory requirement to provide annual reports to Parliament on the administration and enforcement of the Act.

This report includes the following mandatory information:

  • Section 1.1 describes the activities of the National Advisory Committee. There were no other committees established under paragraph 7(1)(a) of CEPA 1999 during the reporting period.
  • Section 1.2 describes the activities under the Canada–Ontario Agreement Respecting the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem.
  • Section 1.3 describes the activities under the Canada–Quebec Administrative Agreement.
  • Section 1.4 describes the activities under the Canada–Saskatchewan Administrative Agreement.
  • Section 1.5 describes the activities under the Canada–Alberta Equivalency Agreement.
  • Section 3.2 provides examples of the types of research initiatives under way and their key contributions in the reporting period. Environment Canada and Health Canada scientists published numerous reports, papers, book chapters, articles and manuscripts on subjects related to CEPA 1999. This body of work appeared in books and scientific journals that are available in libraries and from the publishers.
  • There were no activities under the international air pollution provisions (Division 6 of Part 7) of CEPA 1999 during the reporting period.
  • There were no activities under the international water pollution provisions (Division 7 of Part 7) of CEPA 1999 during the reporting period.

The chapters in this report are organized by the major parts of CEPA 1999, to enable readers to easily find results achieved under the Act and to compare those results from year to year. Each chapter contains introductory remarks that describe the applicable provisions of the Act, followed by a description of the key results achieved under that part in the reporting period.


The Chemicals Management Plan

The Chemicals Management Plan (CMP) is a program that enhances the Government's role in protecting Canadians and their environment from exposure to harmful chemicals. It includes a number of activities for which the obligations or authorities are spread throughout CEPA 1999. As such, the specific results achieved by the CMP under each part of the Act for the 2009-2010 reporting period can be found in the appropriate chapter of this report. However, the following description is provided in order to understand the overall intent of the program.

Between 1999 and 2006, the Government of Canada classified the chemicals used in Canada according to specific criteria, and identified those that required a health and/or environmental risk assessment. Approximately 4300 chemicals were identified as meeting the specified criteria. These were divided into high, medium, or low priority for action to enable the Government to focus on chemicals of greatest concern. The CMP was developed to address these chemicals.

The CMP includes a number of measures to make sure that chemical substances are managed properly. A key initiative called The Challenge addresses approximately 200 chemicals identified as high priorities for action. It challenges industry and other stakeholders to provide information on how these substances are used and managed. The Government uses this and other information to assess risks from the substances to human health and the environment, and develops measures to reduce these risks. Other activities under the CMP include grouping some chemicals by sector to develop comprehensive risk assessment or management approaches. For example, 160 chemicals used in the petroleum sector are being addressed through a sector-based initiative called the Petroleum Sector Stream Approach. In addition, the CMP includes many research and monitoring activities to learn more about the effects of chemical exposure on human health and the environment and to provide the necessary means for measuring the success of actions to control or reduce risks. Finally, the CMP engages stakeholders and the public through regular public information sessions, consultations and a Chemicals Management Plan Stakeholder Advisory Council.

The Chemical Substances website provides more information on activities related to the CMP.

 
Introduction
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