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The Toronto 2015 Pan and Parapan American Games Experience

An Environment and Climate Change Canada Perspective

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Table of Contents

List of Figures

Figure 1. Sample weather station-specific and Games region climatological graphics

Figure 2. Three types of compact weather stations assessed in ECCC’s intercomparison study

Figure 3. TO2015 Games venues in TO2015 defined zones, overlaid on ECCC’s public forecast regions

Figure 4. ECCC’s Project Lead and the TO2015 Senior Manager of Sport Services sign the Service Level Agreement

Figure 5. Location of stations in the existing atmospheric monitoring network prior to the TO2015 Games

Figure 6. Location of stations in the Mesonet

Figure 7. ATMOS, Vaisala WXT520, Lufft WS600, WS601 weather stations

Figure 8. WatchKeeper™ Buoy

Figure 9. TRIAXYS™ Directional Wave Buoy

Figure 10. KIPP & ZONEN UVS-AE-T sensor (UV radiometer)

Figure 11. ECCC monitoring staff launches an upper air balloon

Figure 12. Network of Networks – Location of Ontario wide observations

Figure 13. ECCC’s Intensive Operating Period Plan

Figure 14. ECCC’s table top exercise for escalation and notification

Figure 15. ECCC forecasters at the Ontario Storm Prediction Centre

Figure 16. Model predicted fields from the Urban GEM-LAM model with 250-m grid spacing

Figure 17. Simulated fields for the 250-m grid resolution WaveWatch III model

Figure 18. Model predicted PM2.5 mass concentration

Figure 19. ECCC’s Briefing Team at the TO2015 Main Operations Centre

Figure 20. Elizabeth Dowdeswell, former Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations, and current Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, visiting the briefing team at the Police Unified Command Centre

Figure 21. The ECCC Operations Cycle during the 2015 Pan Am Games

Figure 22. The ECCC Operations Cycle during the 2015 Parapan Am Games

Figure 23. ECCC Doppler LiDAR at Hanlan’s Point on Toronto Centre Island

Figure 24. The three AMMOS units installed on hybrid vehicles, with their ECCC operators

Figure 25. Temperature, dew point and relative humidity data collected by an AMMOS-equipped vehicle on 26 July 2015

Figure 26. 3D SOLMA data capturing full details of lightning flash

Figure 27. ECCC’s mobile air quality laboratory, CRUISER

Figure 28. ECCC’s UAV that was flown during the Games

Figure 29. Meteorological Supersite at the UOIT in Oshawa

Figure 30. Pan Am Games Sailing committee boat equipped with a compact weather sensor and an instrument for wind direction

Figure 31. Example of an ECCC MetObject forecast depiction at a key frame time

Figure 32. Hourly meteorological analysis in the Games region

Figure 33. The enhanced Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) program included the addition of new air quality forecasts for the AQHI stations in Toronto and Hamilton

Figure 34. The new air quality monitoring station at Hanlan's Point on Toronto Centre Island

Figure 35. ECCC’s three Heat Warning Regions in Ontario and ECCC’s Heat Warning criteria

Figure 36. Near roadside monitoring station near Highway 401 in Toronto

Figure 37. An AirSENCE device on the University of Toronto downtown campus. The map shows the concentration of nitrogen oxides at MOECC and AirSENCE sensors

Figure 38. Interpolated observational air temperature fields during a heat wave in the GTA.

Figure 39. ECCC’s lead briefer at the TO2015 MOC and marine network specialist are interviewed on Technology Showcase day

List of Table

Table 1 Federal Service Areas and Organizational Interests

Table 2 Pan Am Weather and Health Portfolio

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