Current Conditions

This is a screen shot of a typical current conditions display on Environment Canada's weather.gc.ca website. A full explanation of all weather observations that are reported is explained in the text below.

This is a screen shot of a typical current conditions display on Environment Canada’s Weather.gc.ca website. A full explanation of all weather observations that are reported is explained in the text below.

* In the event a sensor is malfunctioning or out of service for maintenance, the field would be displayed as “not available” (N/A).

Icon

A representative image of the stated Condition.

Temperature

The temperature, in degrees Celsius, to the nearest whole degree.  A conversion to Imperial Units (degrees Fahrenheit) is optional for the entire current conditions display by clicking on the  degree Celsius symbol.

Observed at

Current conditions are provided from the closest or most representative location. At times, there may be no observations representative enough for a specific area on the city weather page selected, and in this case it will be displayed as “Not observed.” The time of the observation is displayed in local time (Daylight Savings Time or Standard Time, as required) and is typically updated shortly past the hour (for the hourly observations). In the event that a special or non-routine observation is available, it is posted with an updated time.

Condition

Representative condition reported at the observing site based on the significance of the phenomena. In the event that there is more than one phenomena occurring at the same time, the most significant of them is then reported.

Environment Canada’s terms to describe Weather Conditions

*Please note: some automated observing stations do not record current sky conditions, displayed as “Not observed,” or the cloud detecting system only measures cloud below a certain height.

Temperature

The latest air temperature observed on the hour of the observation, in degrees Celsius to the nearest 10th  of a degree. Conversion from Celsius to Fahrenheit can be accomplished by clicking on the underlined "°C" symbol next to the large temperature value in the "Current Conditions" box.

Dewpoint

Latest dewpoint temperature observed on the hour of the observation, in degrees Celsius to the nearest 10th of a degree. Conversion from Celsius to Fahrenheit can be accomplished by clicking on the underlined "°C" symbol next to the large temperature value in the "Current Conditions" box.

Humidity

The percentage of humidity or relative humidity observed on the hour of the observation.

Air Pressure

The latest atmospheric pressure reduced to Sea Level, observed on the hour of the observation, in Kilopascals (kPa)

Pressure Tendency

The pressure tendency provided within the "Current Conditions" area is simply the characteristic (rising, falling or steady) of the change in air pressure during the past hour.

Visibility

Where available, this is the greatest distance (expressed in Kilometres) at which a black object of suitable dimensions could be seen and recognized. During hours of darkness, it could also be seen if under the same daylight conditions.  

Wind - Speed in Kilometres per hour (km/h)

The direction from which the wind is blowing from, using geographic cardinal or intercardinal points. A north wind is therefore a wind blowing from the geographic north. The speed is derived from a 2-minute mean or average prior to the time of the observation. In the event a gust is recorded, this is the maximum observed in a 10-minute period prior to the time of the observation.  

Air Quality Health Index (AQHI)

The Air Quality Health Index or "AQHI" is a scale designed to help you understand what the air quality around you means to your health. The AQHI value is only displayed for locations that currently record air quality.

Wind Chill

Wind chill is indicated in current conditions only when the temperature is 0°C or lower, with a wind speed of 2 km/h or more. In general, wind chill is mentioned in a forecast only if it is expected to be significant, that is to say, it is expected to be -25 or colder, with a forecast wind speed greater than 10 km/h.

Humidex

The humidex is particularly significant when its value is greater than 30. We only display humidex values of 25 or higher for a location which reports a dew point temperature above zero (0°C) and an air temperature of 20°C or more. Below this value, the humidex is too close to the air temperature to be considered significant.