Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP)
Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) involves the procurement of products or services that are less-toxic and less harmful to our health and environment than other products or services on the market. There are many benefits to adopting EPP, including improved employee health and working conditions and a decrease in toxic waste generation. North American labelling programs have been developed to assist companies and households in EPP, such as the EcoLogoM and EnerGuide.
For more information, conduct a keyword search of the Canadian Pollution Prevention Information Clearinghouse (CPPIC) database using the search term environmentally preferable purchasing, or visit the following web sites:
Supply Chain Management (SCM)
Supply Chain Management (SCM) is a technique used by business managers to increase the efficiency of each aspect of their operation, from product design and procurement, to the delivery of goods, services, and information. The underlying premise of SCM is for managers to get the right goods and services to the right place in a timely fashion at acceptable costs to the customer. In order for SCM to be successful, managers must develop relationships with their suppliers and customers, monitor their inventory, and anticipate changes in their customers' demand for products and services.
For more information, conduct a keyword search of the CPPIC database using the search terms supply chain or supply chain management.
The sector search option is also available allowing you to search the CPPIC database by industry sector. To conduct a sector search for supply chain management, first select a category and sector and then choose items such as product stewardship, purchasing/procurement, and raw material management from the "Subject" drop down menu on the "Sector Search - Criteria" page.
There are many definitions of toxic, but under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999), a substance is deemed to be toxic if it is entering or may enter the environment in a quantity or concentration or under conditions that:
- have or may have an immediate or long-term harmful effect on the environment or its biological diversity;
- constitute or may constitute a danger to the environment on which life
- constitute or may constitute a danger in Canada to human life or health (Section 64).
Part 5 of CEPA 1999 focuses on understanding and reducing the risks posed by new and existing substances by providing the authority to determine which of these substances should be evaluated to determine whether they are "toxic", and, if appropriate, the authority to implement preventive or control measures to relevant aspects of the substance life cycle. Environment Canada shares with Health Canada the task of conducting risk assessments as well as the management associated with toxic substances.
Substances that are determined to be "toxic" under CEPA 1999 are recommended for addition to the List of Toxic Substances (Schedule 1) of the Act. Preventive or control actions such as regulations, guidelines or codes of practice, are then considered for any aspect of the substance's life cycle from the research and development stage through manufacture, use, storage, transport and ultimate disposal or recycling.
For more information, visit the Chemical Substances Portal.
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