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New Brunswick was the first province to join the Flood Damage Reduction Program signing General, Mapping and Studies Agreements in March 1976. The 1 in a 100 year flood was used to delineate and designate flood plains in 13 areas.
A sub-agreement on structural controls centred on building sea dykes in the Petitcodiac area. A separate agreement was negotiated with the federal and provincial governments and the city of Saint John for flood control in the Marsh Creek area. Each party assumed one third of the costs. The works included channel improvements, improvements to outlet control structures, the construction of a reservoir and the reconstruction of a bridge.
A studies agreement funded ice research on the Restigouche River and the international section of the Saint John River.
A sub-agreement on flood forecasting helped the province establish a flood forecasting centre for the Saint John River, including the required technology development and transfer. The River Forecast Centre (RFC), located in Fredericton, forecasts river levels along the Saint John River and its main tributaries below Fredericton where the major flood damages are experienced in the province. The RFC provides this service during the spring freshet as well as during flood events following heavy rainfall. The flood forecasting agreement also provided for the setting up of a flood warning system, manned by volunteers and municipal staff, for the Kennebecasis River.
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