Migratory Birds Hunting Regulations, 2017-2018: Manitoba

Summary

The information presented here is a summary of the law. If there is a discrepancy between the law and this summary, the law prevails. For complete information on fines, general prohibitions, permitted hunting methods and equipment, the requirement to have adequate means to retrieve birds immediately, restrictions on the use of bait, the description of hunting zones, and other restrictions on hunting, please refer to the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and Migratory Birds Regulations. These, along with other useful information for hunters, can be found on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website, or you may contact:

Environment and Climate Change Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service

Suite 150
123 Main Street
Winnipeg, Manitoba
R3C 4W2
Tel.: 1-800-668-6767
ec.enviroinfo.ec@canada.ca.

You are required to possess a valid federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit with a Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp to hunt migratory birds in Canada. This permit and stamp are valid in all provinces and territories. Most provinces and territories have additional licence requirements for hunting migratory birds and/or to carry firearms. To know what you require, and if there are further restrictions for hunting migratory birds, please verify the applicable regulations for the province/ territory where you will be hunting. Note that all required permits and licences must be in your possession while you are hunting.

Game bird hunting zones

Game Bird Hunting for Manitoba
Manitoba hunting districts
Long description for Manitoba's hunting districts

Map showing the 4 Game Bird Hunting Zones in the province of Manitoba. Game Bird Hunting Zone 1 is the most northerly zone, and going south from zone 1 is zone 2, 3 and 4, with the southern boundary of zone 4 following along the Canada-US border.

If you need more information to determine in which zone you are located, please visit 2017 Hunting guide - Manitoba

The Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit is now available online on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website. Purchase and print your permit from the comfort of home.

Consultation process and migratory birds regulatory reports.

The hunting provisions of the Migratory Birds Regulations are reviewed by Environment and Climate Change Canada, with input from the provinces and territories, as well as a range of other interested stakeholders. Environment and Climate Change Canada has developed a consultation process for establishing hunting regulations for migratory birds, and publishes the Migratory Birds Regulatory Report Series that can be found on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website.

New enforcement tool, fine regime, and sentencing provisions

In June 2017, the Environmental Violations Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations came into force and administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) are now available to game officers to enforce designated violations of the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 (MBCA) and its associated regulations. In addition, amendments to the fine regime and sentencing provisions of the MBCA and the regulations necessary to complete the fine regime, the Designation of Regulatory Provisions for the Purposes of Enforcement (Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994) Regulations, came into force on July 12, 2017. The amendments aim to ensure that court-imposed fines more accurately reflect the seriousness of environmental offenses. The new fine regime will be applied by courts following a conviction pursuant to the MBCA or its associated regulations. Under the new fine regime, when designated offenses are contravened, the offender upon conviction, is subject to minimum and higher maximum fines. For more information on AMPs and the new fine regime, please visit the Environmental Enforcement Act.

Waterfowler Heritage Days provide young hunters who are minors (under 18 years of age) with the opportunity to practise hunting and outdoor skills, learn about wildlife conservation, and reinforce safety training in a structured, supervised environment. Licensed adult hunters who serve as mentors have an opportunity to pass on their considerable skills and knowledge by offering guidance and advice to younger hunters. The following rules are in effect:

  • to participate, young hunters do not require the federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit;
  • young participants must comply with all existing safety and licensing requirements found in the Firearms Act and provincial hunting regulations;
  • participants must be accompanied by a licensed mentor (who is not a minor);
  • mentors may not hunt or carry a firearm, and may accompany no more than two young hunters; and
  • only young hunters may hunt when Waterfowler Heritage Days fall outside of the regular open seasons.

In Manitoba, non -toxic shot must be used to hunt migratory birds, except for woodcock. Within National Wildlife Areas, the possession of lead shot is prohibited for all hunting, including the hunting of migratory birds and upland game birds. Hunters should consult provincial or territorial regulations for additional restrictions. For those birds still hunted with lead shot, remove the lead shot before cooking in order to reduce your exposure to contaminants.

Open seasons and waterfowler heritage days in Manitoba
Zones Game Bird Hunting ZoneWaterfowler Heritage Days Ducks, geese, coots, snipe and Sandhill CranesOpen Seasons
Ducks, geese, coots and snipe residents of canada
Open Seasons Ducks, Canada Geese, Cackling Geese, White-fronted Geese, Brant, coots and snipe non - residents of CanadaOpen Seasons Sandhill CranesOpen Seasons Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese non - residents of CanadaOpen Seasons American Woodcock
Zone 1Sept. 1 to
Sept. 7, 2017 Table Footnote a
Sept. 1 to
Oct. 31, 2017 Table Footnote a
Sept. 1 to
Oct. 31, 2017
Sept. 1 to
Nov. 30, 2017
Sept. 1 to
Oct. 31, 2017 Table Footnote a
N/A
Zone 2Sept. 1 to
Sept. 7, 2017 Table Footnote a
Sept. 1 to
Nov. 30, 2017 Table Footnote a
Sept. 8 to
Nov. 30, 2017
Sept. 1 to
Nov. 30, 2017
Sept. 8 to
Nov. 30, 2017 Table Footnote a
N/A
Zone 3Sept. 1 to
Sept. 7, 2017 Table Footnote a
Sept. 1 to
Nov. 30, 2017 Table Footnote a
Sept. 24 to
Nov. 30, 2017
Sept. 1 to
Nov. 30, 2017
Sept. 17 to
Nov. 30, 2017 Table Footnote a
Sept. 8 to
Nov. 30, 2017
Zone 4Sept. 1 to
Sept. 7, 2017 Table Footnote a
Sept. 1 to
Nov. 30, 2017 Table Footnote a
Sept. 24 to
Nov. 30, 2017
Sept. 1 to
Nov. 30, 2017
Sept. 17 to
Nov. 30, 2017 Table Footnote a
Sept. 8 to
Nov. 30, 2017
Bag and possession limits in Manitoba
LimitsDucks residents of CanadaDucks non - residents of CanadaSnow Geese and Ross’s GeeseCanada Geese, Cackling Geese, White-fronted Geese and Brant residents of CanadaCanada Geese, Cackling Geese, White-fronted Geese and Brant non - residents of CanadaSandhill CranesCootsSnipeWoodcock residents of CanadaWoodcock non - residents of Canada
Daily bag88 Table Footnote b508 Table Footnote c5 Table Footnote d581084
Possession2424 Table Footnote eNo limit2415 Table Footnote f1524302412

Note

The open season for non - residents of Canada in Game Bird Hunting Zone 4 and in provincial Game Hunting Areas 13A, 14, 14A, that portion of Game Hunting Area 16 south of the north limit of Township 33 and Areas 18, 18A, 18B, 18C, 19, 19A, 19B, 20, 21A, 23A and 25 as described in Manitoba’s Hunting Areas and Zones Regulation (220/86), of the Province of Manitoba, made under the Wildlife Act (C.C.S.M., c. W130), includes:

  • in respect of Canada Geese, Cackling Geese, White-fronted Geese and Brant, only that part of each day from one half-hour before sunrise to 12:00 noon, local time, from the opening date (September 24, 2017) up to and including the second Sunday in October (October 8, 2017), and, after that period, from one half-hour before sunrise until one half-hour after sunset; and
  • in respect of Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese, only that part of each day from one half-hour before sunrise until one half-hour after sunset.

Overabundant species

The Migratory Birds Regulations also provide for special conservation harvest periods when hunters may take overabundant species. Please note that additional hunting methods or equipment are permitted during the special conservation harvest periods. See the table below for details.

Measures in manitoba concerning overabundant species
Game Bird Hunting ZonePeriod during which Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese may be killedAdditional hunting method or equipment
Zone 1Aug. 15 to Aug. 31, 2017, and Apr. 1 to June 15, 2018Recorded bird calls Table Footnote g
Zones 2, 3 and 4Mar. 15 to May 31, 2018Recorded bird calls Table Footnote g

Note

The 2017 federal permit is also valid for the 2018 spring special conservation harvest for Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese. The Province of Manitoba requires spring Snow Goose and Ross’s Goose hunters to obtain a free electronic licence, available at 2017 Hunting guide - Manitoba

100 Years of taking birds under our wings

1916-2016

The Canada-US Migratory Birds Convention

1917-2017

The Migratory Birds Convention Act

Centennial celebrations

For more information on centennial celebrations, visit Celebrating 100 years of bird conservation

Report your migratory bird bands

Call 1-800-327-BAND (2263) or go to the Report a bird with a Federal Band or Color Marker website

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